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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Plant Biology

    The Arabidopsis active demethylase ROS1 cis-regulates defence genes by erasing DNA methylation at promoter-regulatory regions

    Thierry Halter et al.
    Active DNA demethylation at some defence gene promoters is causal for DNA binding of WRKY transcription factors as well as for transcriptional activation of these genes during plant immune response.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Birds land reliably on complex surfaces by adapting their foot-surface interactions upon contact

    William RT Roderick et al.
    When landing, Pacific parrotlets exhibit stereotyped leg and wing dynamics regardless of perch diameter and texture, but foot and claw kinematics become surface-specific upon touchdown to successfully grasp the perch.
    1. Neuroscience

    Experience shapes activity dynamics and stimulus coding of VIP inhibitory cells

    Marina Garrett et al.
    VIP inhibitory neurons are active in response to novel images but are suppressed by familiar stimuli and show ramping activity when expected stimuli are omitted.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Movement initiation and grasp representation in premotor and primary motor cortex mirror neurons

    Steven Jack Jerjian et al.
    Mirror neurons, including corticospinal neurons, in primary motor cortex of macaque monkeys, clearly dissociate between execution and observation of grasping actions while ventral premotor cortex (F5) maintains a similar representation.
    1. Neuroscience

    A synergy-based hand control is encoded in human motor cortical areas

    Andrea Leo et al.
    The human brain encodes coordinated patterns of joint movements – synergies – to increase the efficiency with which it can control complex hand movements.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Determining the scale at which variation in a single gene changes population yields

    Erica McGale et al.
    Variation in the gene NaMPK4 in plant populations increases reproductive yield, an effect which appears to be independent of soil water availability, neighbor-scale interactions and associations with arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    The role of Pitx2 and Pitx3 in muscle stem cells gives new insights into P38α MAP kinase and redox regulation of muscle regeneration

    Aurore L'honoré et al.
    Modulation of muscle stem cell redox state in culture both improves their amplification while maintaining a similar grafting potential as freshly isolated stem cells.
    1. Ecology

    Linking spatial patterns of terrestrial herbivore community structure to trophic interactions

    Jakub Witold Bubnicki et al.
    The spatial interactions between humans, large carnivores and herbivores cascade down in a complex but predictable way to lower trophic levels affecting regeneration of tree species in a temperate forest.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Label-free imaging of immune cell dynamics in the living retina using adaptive optics

    Aby Joseph et al.
    Immune cell motility and vascular response are imaged in vivo and label free in the CNS for the first time, using high-resolution phase-contrast adaptive optics retinal imaging.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Electron tomography visualization of HIV-1 fusion with target cells using fusion inhibitors to trap the pre-hairpin intermediate

    Mark S Ladinsky et al.
    Visualization of HIV-1 fusion by trapping the prehairpin intermediate.