136 results found
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    New capsaicin analogs as molecular rulers to define the permissive conformation of the mouse TRPV1 ligand-binding pocket

    Simon Vu et al.
    Novel capsaicin analogs with conserved chemistry but varying sizes were used as molecular rulers to investigate energetics of conformational changes in the ligand-binding pocket and mechanisms of TRPV1 ligand-gating.
    1. Neuroscience

    Frequency-dependent mobilization of heterogeneous pools of synaptic vesicles shapes presynaptic plasticity

    Frédéric Doussau et al.
    The mobilization or silencing of two heterogeneous pools of synaptic vesicles via different frequencies probably enables granule cell to Purkinje cell synapses to better discriminate between the high-rate code of sensory information and background noise.
    1. Neuroscience

    Synapse-specific and compartmentalized expression of presynaptic homeostatic potentiation

    Xiling Li et al.
    Genetic and electrophysiological analyses reveal that the mechanisms orchestrating the induction and expression of homeostatic plasticity are compartmentalized and operate with exquisite specificity on both sides of the synapse.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The postsynaptic t-SNARE Syntaxin 4 controls traffic of Neuroligin 1 and Synaptotagmin 4 to regulate retrograde signaling

    Kathryn P Harris et al.
    Syntaxin 4 regulates retrograde signaling in the postsynaptic compartment at Drosophila synapses by controlling trafficking of Neuroligin and Synaptotagmin 4 cargo.
    1. Neuroscience

    Inhibitory control of correlated intrinsic variability in cortical networks

    Carsen Stringer et al.
    A new cortical network model fit directly to multi-neuron recordings reveals that local inhibitory feedback can control neural dynamics, modulate brain state and enhance sensory processing.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Filamin, a synaptic organizer in Drosophila, determines glutamate receptor composition and membrane growth

    GaYoung Lee, Thomas L Schwarz
    Filamin, by recruiting a signaling complex to the postsynapse, orchestrates the correct formation and growth of postsynaptic membranes and localization of glutamate receptor subunits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Insulin signaling controls neurotransmission via the 4eBP-dependent modification of the exocytotic machinery

    Rebekah Elizabeth Mahoney et al.
    By regulating protein translation within the neuron, insulin signaling can control neuronal activity by altering the release of neurotransmitter molecules.
    1. Neuroscience

    The Ionotropic Receptors IR21a and IR25a mediate cool sensing in Drosophila

    Lina Ni et al.
    Two members of a widely studied family of chemoreceptors, the "orphan" chemoreceptor IR21a and its putative co-receptor IR25a, act together to mediate cool sensation in fruit fly larvae.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    USP5/Leon deubiquitinase confines postsynaptic growth by maintaining ubiquitin homeostasis through Ubiquilin

    Chien-Hsiang Wang et al.
    Maintenance of ubiquitin homeostasis is essential for proper control of the size of postsynaptic density and the growth of specialized membrane structure.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microglial calcium signaling is attuned to neuronal activity in awake mice

    Anthony D Umpierre et al.
    Microglial processes engage calcium signaling in response to hyper- or hypo-active shifts in neuronal activity.

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