7,052 results found
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Single methyl groups can act as toggle switches to specify transmembrane Protein-protein interactions

    Li He et al.
    The placement of single methyl groups at certain positions in the sequence of small model transmembrane proteins consisting solely of leucines and isoleucines can modulate highly specific, productive interactions with the transmembrane domain of the erythropoietin receptor.
    1. Ecology

    Group-specific archaeological signatures of stone tool use in wild macaques

    Lydia V Luncz et al.
    Tool behaviour of long-tailed macaques leaves archaeological signatures that differ between populations despite similar ecological conditions, highlighting the potential for diversity in material culture.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Metazoan evolution of glutamate receptors reveals unreported phylogenetic groups and divergent lineage-specific events

    David Ramos-Vicente et al.
    The animal phylogeny of glutamate receptors indicates that vertebrate types do not account for all receptor classes originated during evolution, neither are they the pinnacle of a linear evolutive process.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    Neighboring communities of bonobos hunt different prey species

    Social Learning: Does culture shape hunting behavior in bonobos?

    Andrew Whiten
    New evidence that neighboring communities of bonobos hunt different prey species, despite extensive overlaps in where they live and hunt, is difficult to explain without invoking cultural factors.
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    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Behavioural diversity of bonobo prey preference as a potential cultural trait

    Liran Samuni et al.
    Bonobo groups that share overlapping ranging areas and engage in regular social exchange show "behavioural group identity" of hunting techniques in the absence of local ecological variation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Point of View: How should the applications of genome editing be assessed and regulated?

    Robin Fears, Volker ter Meulen
    An EASAC working group on genome editing recommends that regulators should focus on specific applications of these new techniques rather than attempting to regulate genome editing itself as a new technology.
    1. Neuroscience

    Species-specific modulation of food-search behavior by respiration and chemosensation in Drosophila larvae

    Daeyeon Kim et al.
    In naturalistic conditions, larvae of the Drosophila group exhibit species-specific strategies to search for food resources through a primitive form of risk-taking behavior that is controlled by a tradeoff between exploitation and odor-driven exploration.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Phosphatidic acid modulation of Kv channel voltage sensor function

    Richard K Hite et al.
    Phosphatidic acid influences the gating of voltage-gated K+ channels through a non-specific surface charge mechanism and through a specific interaction between a voltage sensor arginine and the primary phosphate head group on the cytoplasmic membrane leaflet.
  1. Research Culture: Framework for advancing rigorous research

    Walter J Koroshetz et al.
    Establishing a community of 'rigor champions' and building a comprehensive educational platform to teach the principles of rigorous science will help to ensure that the outputs of scientific research remain reliable and robust.

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