6,150 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    Chondrocytes in the resting zone of the growth plate are maintained in a Wnt-inhibitory environment

    Shawn A Hallett et al.
    Slow-cycling chondrocytes are maintained in a Wnt-inhibitory environment within the resting zone, unraveling a novel mechanism regulating maintenance and differentiation of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP)-expressing skeletal stem cells of the postnatal growth plate.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Epigenetic profiling of growth plate chondrocytes sheds insight into regulatory genetic variation influencing height

    Michael Guo et al.
    Epigenetic profiling of femoral growth plate chondrocytes helps whittle-down GWAS height variants to fewer putative functional variants.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sensing of nutrients by CPT1C regulates late endosome/lysosome anterograde transport and axon growth

    Marta Palomo-Guerrero et al.
    The pseudoenzyme CPT1C is able to sense changes in intracellular malonyl-CoA levels caused by nutrients or energy stress and regulate late endosomes/lysosomes anterograde transport, necessary for proper axon growth.
    1. Ecology

    Implications of being born late in the active season for growth, fattening, torpor use, winter survival and fecundity

    Britta Mahlert et al.
    Being born late in the active season is associated with a fast life history in a hibernating species, the garden dormouse (Eliomys quercinus).
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The adhesion-GPCR BAI1 shapes dendritic arbors via Bcr-mediated RhoA activation causing late growth arrest

    Joseph G Duman et al.
    The adhesion-GPCR BAI1 shapes dendritic arbors in the hippocampus by associating with Bcr late in development and stimulating its RhoA-GEF activity, resulting in dendritic growth arrest.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dephosphorylation of the NPR2 guanylyl cyclase contributes to inhibition of bone growth by fibroblast growth factor

    Leia C Shuhaibar et al.
    Fibroblast growth factor induces dephosphorylation and inactivation of the NPR2 guanylyl cyclase, thus decreasing cyclic GMP production in growth plate chondrocytes and contributing to FGF-dependent decreases in bone growth.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Altered paracrine signaling from the injured knee joint impairs postnatal long bone growth

    Alberto Roselló-Díez et al.
    Genetic analyses in mice reveal a communication system between the knee joint and the developing bones that could be explored in studies addressing evolutionary changes in body proportions and in future therapies for growth disorders.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    New light shed on the early evolution of limb-bone growth plate and bone marrow

    Jordi Estefa et al.
    A three-dimensional investigation of extinct-tetrapod limbs shows that even though bone elongation and blood-cell production are intimately related to mammal long bones, these functions actually appeared successively in tetrapod evolution.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Planar cell polarity signaling coordinates oriented cell division and cell rearrangement in clonally expanding growth plate cartilage

    Yuwei Li et al.
    Through the interaction between PCP signaling and N-cadherin, oriented cell division and cell rearrangement are coordinated to establish the appropriate tissue architecture critical for limb skeletal morphogenesis.

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