1,425 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrated culturing, modeling and transcriptomics uncovers complex interactions and emergent behavior in a three-species synthetic gut community

    Kevin D'hoe et al.
    Human gut bacteria alter their metabolism in response to each other's presence, which causes their community dynamics to deviate from predictions that are based on mono-culture data.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Cytokines: A gut response

    Matthew L Nicotra
    Unexpected findings from the immune system of sea urchin larvae potentially provide insights into immune signaling in ancestral lifeforms.
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  1. Point of View: Making science count in government

    Ian Boyd
    Science is an essential component of policy-making in most areas of government, but the scientific community does not always understand its role in this process.
    1. Ecology

    Experimental evaluation of the importance of colonization history in early-life gut microbiota assembly

    Inés Martínez et al.
    Experiments in ex-germ-free mice establish a measurable effect of colonization history on gut microbiota assembly, illuminating a potential cause for the high levels of unexplained individuality in host-associated microbial communities.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IL17 factors are early regulators in the gut epithelium during inflammatory response to Vibrio in the sea urchin larva

    Katherine M Buckley et al.
    Expression of two highly regulated subfamilies of the complex multigene family encoding IL-17 cytokines in the purple sea urchin are sequentially activated in a larval gut-associated inflammation model and modulate downstream gene expression in the gut epithelium.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Sex difference in pathology of the ageing gut mediates the greater response of female lifespan to dietary restriction

    Jennifer C Regan et al.
    In the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, stem cell activity ages female guts but not male guts; furthermore, males with feminized guts develop pathologies but gain an increase in lifespan through dietary restriction.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Population structuring of multi-copy, antigen-encoding genes in Plasmodium falciparum

    Yael Artzy-Randrup et al.
    Mathematical modeling shows that local populations of the malaria parasite self-organize into a limited number of transient but distinct strains through competition for hosts in immunity space.
    1. Ecology

    Global warming reduces leaf-out and flowering synchrony among individuals

    Constantin M Zohner et al.
    Individuals differ in how their leaf-out and flowering are regulated by abiotic stimuli and, under climate warming, this leads to reduced within-population phenological synchrony, impacting mutualistic and antagonistic community interactions.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrating between-host transmission and within-host immunity to analyze the impact of varicella vaccination on zoster

    Benson Ogunjimi et al.
    An individual-based model estimates exogenous boosting of immunity following re-exposure to chickenpox is limited to 2 years after re-exposure, but an increase in herpes zoster incidence is still expected to occur following universal varicella vaccination.
  2. Understanding the evolution of defence: an interview with Maurijn van der Zee

    Maurijn van der Zee is a tenure-track assistant professor at Leiden University in the Netherlands. His primary interest is to understand the genetic and developmental mechanisms that underlie evolutionary change in animals, but recently he has been exploring a new field: innate immunity in insects. Six months ago he became a father for the first time ‘to a beautiful daughter’. His first PhD student also graduated very recently: he says that this also felt a bit like becoming a father. Maurijn also enjoys writing popular science articles for the Dutch press and giving public lectures.

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