2,946 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrated culturing, modeling and transcriptomics uncovers complex interactions and emergent behavior in a three-species synthetic gut community

    Kevin D'hoe et al.
    Human gut bacteria alter their metabolism in response to each other's presence, which causes their community dynamics to deviate from predictions that are based on mono-culture data.
    1. Ecology

    Experimental evaluation of the importance of colonization history in early-life gut microbiota assembly

    Inés Martínez et al.
    Experiments in ex-germ-free mice establish a measurable effect of colonization history on gut microbiota assembly, illuminating a potential cause for the high levels of unexplained individuality in host-associated microbial communities.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    IL17 factors are early regulators in the gut epithelium during inflammatory response to Vibrio in the sea urchin larva

    Katherine M Buckley et al.
    Expression of two highly regulated subfamilies of the complex multigene family encoding IL-17 cytokines in the purple sea urchin are sequentially activated in a larval gut-associated inflammation model and modulate downstream gene expression in the gut epithelium.
    1. Ecology

    The golden mimicry complex uses a wide spectrum of defence to deter a community of predators

    Stano Pekár et al.
    A mimetic complex composed of at least 140 species of ants, wasps, spiders, true bugs and treehoppers, all with conspicuous golden bodies, has been discovered.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A microbial clock provides an accurate estimate of the postmortem interval in a mouse model system

    Jessica L Metcalf et al.
    High-throughput sequencing has been used to analyze the microbiome of mouse corpses over a period of 48 days, and to provide an accurate estimate of the time since death.
    1. Ecology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The diversity and function of sourdough starter microbiomes

    Elizabeth A Landis et al.
    In the most comprehensive survey of sourdough starter biodiversity, this work identifies processes that control the diversity and function of sourdough microbiomes at a continental scale.
    1. Ecology

    Global warming reduces leaf-out and flowering synchrony among individuals

    Constantin M Zohner et al.
    Individuals differ in how their leaf-out and flowering are regulated by abiotic stimuli and, under climate warming, this leads to reduced within-population phenological synchrony, impacting mutualistic and antagonistic community interactions.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Inducible mechanisms of disease tolerance provide an alternative strategy of acquired immunity to malaria

    Wiebke Nahrendorf et al.
    Malaria remodels the spleen to imprint tolerance and reduce pathology in subsequent infections.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Using paired serology and surveillance data to quantify dengue transmission and control during a large outbreak in Fiji

    Adam J Kucharski et al.
    A combination of surveillance data, paired sera and mathematical modelling reveals which factors may influence dengue transmission and control in island settings.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrating between-host transmission and within-host immunity to analyze the impact of varicella vaccination on zoster

    Benson Ogunjimi et al.
    An individual-based model estimates exogenous boosting of immunity following re-exposure to chickenpox is limited to 2 years after re-exposure, but an increase in herpes zoster incidence is still expected to occur following universal varicella vaccination.

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