98 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gut bacteria are rarely shared by co-hospitalized premature infants, regardless of necrotizing enterocolitis development

    Tali Raveh-Sadka et al.
    Rapid yet comprehensive, genome-resolved analysis of fecal samples from premature infants reveals little overlap in strain composition of gut microbial communities, despite co-hospitalization, and suggests the existence of barriers to strain dispersal.
    1. Ecology

    Experimental evaluation of the importance of colonization history in early-life gut microbiota assembly

    Inés Martínez et al.
    Experiments in ex-germ-free mice establish a measurable effect of colonization history on gut microbiota assembly, illuminating a potential cause for the high levels of unexplained individuality in host-associated microbial communities.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Immune Response: An ambulance for retinol

    Stephanie C Ganal, Andrew J MacPherson
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    1. Ecology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Point of View: A transatlantic perspective on 20 emerging issues in biological engineering

    Bonnie C Wintle et al.
    Horizon scanning has been used to identify opportunities and risks presented by 20 emerging issues in the field of biological engineering.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gut Microbiome: Everyone wins

    Renata C Matos, François Leulier
    Aeromonas bacteria living in the gut of zebrafish produce a specific molecule to pacify the immune system of their host.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The fascinating and secret wild life of the budding yeast S. cerevisiae

    Gianni Liti
    The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has informed our understanding of molecular biology and genetics for decades, and learning more about its natural history could fuel a new era of functional and evolutionary studies of this classic model organism.
    1. Ecology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The secret lives of Drosophila flies

    Therese Ann Markow
    After decades of intensive research, D. melanogaster and its relatives could provide important tools for investigating future biological questions about human health and environmental change, but only if we better understand their natural history.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Biological causal links on physiological and evolutionary time scales

    Amit Karmon, Yitzhak Pilpel
    Increasing awareness that many causal links in biology might be bi-directional could overcome biases and improve scientific reasoning.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Microbiome: Does disease start in the mouth, the gut or both?

    Andrei Prodan et al.
    Oral bacteria colonize the gut more frequently than previously thought.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Ecology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: The unexhausted potential of E. coli

    Zachary D Blount
    A better understanding of the remarkable diversity, natural history and complex ecology of E. coli in the wild could shed new light on its biology and role in disease, and further expand its many uses as a model organism.

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