A multi-cohort analysis of 2,500 gut microbiomes and five major diseases discovers that disease-microbiome associations display specific age-centric trends, with diseases characterized by age-centric trends of species gain/loss.
Experiments in ex-germ-free mice establish a measurable effect of colonization history on gut microbiota assembly, illuminating a potential cause for the high levels of unexplained individuality in host-associated microbial communities.
Resetting a young gut microbiota in middle-aged individuals extends life span and slows aging in the naturally short-lived turquoise killifish, a new vertebrate model organism to study how the microbiota affects the aging process.
Shifts in pH that result from metabolic interactions between members of the Drosophila gut microbiota were sufficient to modulate Lactobacillus plantarum tolerance to the antibiotics rifampin and erythromycin.
Microbiome and transcriptomic profiling of genetically selected tropical fish with high and low tolerance to cold exposure revealed host control over microbiome composition and response to temperature changes.