65 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Septal cholinergic input to CA2 hippocampal region controls social novelty discrimination via nicotinic receptor-mediated disinhibition

    Domenico Pimpinella et al.
    Acetylcholine, released from cholinergic fibers originating from the medial septum, shapes social memory, and controls the CA2 hippocampal circuit via nicotinic receptors localized on GABAergic interneurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dynamic dichotomy of accumbal population activity underlies cocaine sensitization

    Ruud van Zessen et al.
    Cocaine elicits opposing activity changes in D1R vs D2R spiny projection neurons of the nucleus accumbens with much variability, subsequent recruitment of a subset of D1R neurons drives behavioral sensitization.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Sustained expression of unc-4 homeobox gene and unc-37/Groucho in postmitotic neurons specifies the spatial organization of the cholinergic synapses in C. elegans

    Mizuki Kurashina et al.
    Genetic analyses using a simple nervous system of the nematode revealed the novel function of the cell fate-determining transcriptional repressor complex in the differentiated neurons to determine the precise synapse position.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural correlates of ingroup bias for prosociality in rats

    Inbal Ben-Ami Bartal et al.
    A distinct neural network, including the nucleus accumbens as a central hub, is active when rats are exposed to trapped ingroup members they had previously helped escape a trap, but not for outgroup members who had not been helped.
    1. Neuroscience

    Increased theta/alpha synchrony in the habenula-prefrontal network with negative emotional stimuli in human patients

    Yongzhi Huang et al.
    Increased theta/alpha band activities within the habenula area and the prefrontal cortex, as well as the increased synchrony between the two structures in the same frequency band can serve as an indicator for negative emotions in humans.
    1. Neuroscience

    In silico analysis of the transcriptional regulatory logic of neuronal identity specification throughout the C. elegans nervous system

    Lori Glenwinkel et al.
    Neuron type-specific gene batteries share cis-regulatory motifs.
    1. Neuroscience

    The Prop1-like homeobox gene unc-42 specifies the identity of synaptically connected neurons

    Emily G Berghoff et al.
    Circuit transcription factors may define the differentiation and assembly of distinct neurons into functional circuitry.
    1. Neuroscience

    Dorsal raphe nucleus to anterior cingulate cortex 5-HTergic neural circuit modulates consolation and sociability

    Laifu Li et al.
    Inhibition of 5-HT neurons in the dorsal raphe nuclei or 5-HT terminals in the anterior cingulate cortex decreased consolation-like behaviors and reduced sociability.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attenuated dopamine signaling after aversive learning is restored by ketamine to rescue escape actions

    Mingzheng Wu et al.
    Interconnected ventral tegmental area and medial prefrontal cortex circuits causally link dopamine dynamics, aversive learning, and the effects of a promising rapidly acting antidepressant ketamine.
    1. Neuroscience

    An excitatory lateral hypothalamic circuit orchestrating pain behaviors in mice

    Justin N Siemian et al.
    A small population of lateral hypothalamic neurons detects pain and can be activated to suppress pain-related behavioral adaptations and the unpleasantness associated with pain in mice.

Refine your results by:

Type
Research categories