125 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Reaction times can reflect habits rather than computations

    Aaron L Wong et al.
    Although reaction times are often assumed to reflect the time required to select and prepare a movement, they can be strongly influenced by prior experience.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Meiotic drive of female-inherited supernumerary chromosomes in a pathogenic fungus

    Michael Habig et al.
    Female-inherited supernumerary chromosomes that lack a male-inherited homolog are transmitted to all meiotic products instead of the expected half, which indicates an additional amplification of unpaired chromosomes during meiosis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal fast-spiking interneurons selectively modulate circuit output and are required for habitual behavior

    Justin K O'Hare et al.
    Fast-spiking interneurons of the dorsolateral striatum are found to provide a microcircuit mechanism driving the circuit properties and behavioral adaptations that characterize habit.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Characterizing a psychiatric symptom dimension related to deficits in goal-directed control

    Claire M Gillan et al.
    A dimensional approach to psychiatry demonstrates the specificity and generalizability of a neurocognitive marker of compulsive behavior and intrusive thought via large-scale online testing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Distinct recruitment of dorsomedial and dorsolateral striatum erodes with extended training

    Youna Vandaele et al.
    Dorsomedial and dorsolateral striatal neural activity differ during early learning of action sequences but do not change with performance improvement across sessions, and become similar after extended training.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural Wiring: The circuitry of sex

    Joel Levine
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  1. Point of View: Priority of discovery in the life sciences

    Ronald D Vale, Anthony A Hyman
    Disclosing work prior to submission to a journal would benefit scientists seeking to be acknowledged for their discoveries.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Predictive regulation and human design

    Peter Sterling
    Why does the human regulatory system, which evolution tuned for small satisfactions, now constantly demand 'more'?
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.

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