9,290 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The hazards of smoking and the benefits of cessation: A critical summation of the epidemiological evidence in high-income countries

    Prabhat Jha
    Cumulatively, from 1950 to 2015, smoking-related disease has been the biggest cause of premature death in high-income countries, with elevated risks of smoking continuing well into the 21st century.
    1. Neuroscience

    Chemogenetic inhibition of the medial prefrontal cortex reverses the effects of REM sleep loss on sucrose consumption

    Kristopher McEown et al.
    Loss of REM sleep increases sucrose and fat consumption in mice; and inhibiting the prefrontal cortex reverses the increased consumption of sucrose, but not fat, following REM sleep loss.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Plasticity and evolutionary convergence in the locomotor skeleton of Greater Antillean Anolis lizards

    Nathalie Feiner et al.
    A comparative and experimental research refutes the controversial hypothesis that plasticity played a major role in the convergent evolution of Anolis ecomorphs.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Identification of scavenger receptor B1 as the airway microfold cell receptor for Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Haaris S Khan et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis penetrates the airway mucosa through M cells via the mycobacterial virulence factor EsxA and the host M cell surface receptor scavenger receptor B1.
    1. Ecology

    Response to comment on 'Naked mole-rat mortality rates defy Gompertzian laws by not increasing with age'

    J Graham Ruby et al.
    We are writing to respond to the comment by Dammann et al., 2019 on our article about aging in naked mole-rats (Ruby et al., 2018).
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptation: Evolution of island lizards remains a mystery

    Kathryn D Kavanagh
    Lizards that live in the Greater Antilles exploit a large range of skeletal variations to adapt to similar habitats, in defiance of the theory of plasticity-led evolution.
    Insight
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    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Time-to-event modeling of hypertension reveals the nonexistence of true controls

    Daniel Shriner et al.
    Despite health disparities among groups, the lifetime risk of hypertension approaches 100% for African Americans, European Americans, and Mexican Americans.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Risk of psychiatric disorders among the surviving twins after a co-twin loss

    Huan Song et al.
    A population-based analysis demonstrates that surviving twins who lose their co-twins by death are at considerably elevated risks of developing psychiatric disorders.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Childhood injury after a parental cancer diagnosis

    Ruoqing Chen et al.
    Children with a parent of cancer have a higher rate of hospital contact for injury, especially immediately after the cancer diagnosis.
    1. Medicine

    Increase in clinically recorded type 2 diabetes after colectomy

    Anders B Jensen et al.
    This nationwide register-based study of diabetes risk after colectomy suggests that the left colon contributes to maintenance of glucose homeostasis.

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