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    1. Medicine

    Increase in clinically recorded type 2 diabetes after colectomy

    Anders B Jensen et al.
    This nationwide register-based study of diabetes risk after colectomy suggests that the left colon contributes to maintenance of glucose homeostasis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Striatal adenosine A2A receptor neurons control active-period sleep via parvalbumin neurons in external globus pallidus

    Xiang-Shan Yuan et al.
    Rostral and central striatum controls slow-wave sleep during active phase in mice.
    1. Neuroscience

    Supramammillary nucleus synchronizes with dentate gyrus to regulate spatial memory retrieval through glutamate release

    Yadong Li et al.
    Multi-fiber photometry recording and circuit-based manipulation in vivo identify a long-range SuM-DG circuit linking two highly correlated subcortical regions to regulate spatial memory retrieval through SuM glutamate transmission.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Cryo-EM visualization of the ribosome in termination complex with apo-RF3 and RF1

    Jesper Pallesen et al.
    Cryo-electron microscopy has been used to provide a structural interpretation of the complete action cycle of release factor 3 during translation termination, which includes a coordinated sequence of interactions with a class-I release factor and the ribosome.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Sex-based differences in clearance of chronic Plasmodium falciparum infection

    Jessica Briggs et al.
    Lower malaria prevalence in females does not appear to be due to lower rates of infection but rather due to faster clearance of asymptomatic infections.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Self-restoration of cardiac excitation rhythm by anti-arrhythmic ion channel gating

    Rupamanjari Majumder et al.
    Customization of ion channel gating enhances homeostatic regulation through automatic detection and correction of abnormal physiological changes, as illustrated by self-restoration of excitation rhythm in cardiac arrhythmias.
    1. Neuroscience

    Entrainment and maintenance of an internal metronome in supplementary motor area

    Jaime Cadena-Valencia et al.
    Temporal rhythms are encoded in the supplementary motor area by firing rate oscillations and rhythmic bursts of gamma-band LFP activity.
    1. Cell Biology

    An aging-independent replicative lifespan in a symmetrically dividing eukaryote

    Eric C Spivey et al.
    A high throughput, full lifespan microscopic analysis reveals that fission yeast does not age but has a finite replicative lifespan.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Systematic identification of mutations and copy number alterations associated with cancer patient prognosis

    Joan C Smith, Jason M Sheltzer
    Gene copy number provides more prognostic information than gene mutation status in cancer.