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    1. Neuroscience

    Automated task training and longitudinal monitoring of mouse mesoscale cortical circuits using home cages

    Timothy H Murphy et al.
    A new methodology and protocol use automated brain imaging and task training technology to probe links between behavior and mouse cortical circuits.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Physics of Living Systems

    Delayed antibiotic exposure induces population collapse in enterococcal communities with drug-resistant subpopulations

    Kelsey M Hallinen et al.
    Collapse of bacterial communities containing antibiotic-resistant and susceptible cells can be driven by increased population size or delayed drug exposure.
    1. Neuroscience

    Control of voluntary and optogenetically perturbed locomotion by spike rate and timing of neurons of the mouse cerebellar nuclei

    Rashmi Sarnaik, Indira M Raman
    Stride-related modulated firing by neurons of the cerebellar nuclei is required for smooth execution of practiced locomotion and persists more easily with synchronous than asynchronous Purkinje-mediated inhibition.
    1. Neuroscience

    Optimal multisensory decision-making in a reaction-time task

    Jan Drugowitsch et al.
    Through a combination of modeling and experiments it is shown that humans can near-optimally accumulate decision-related evidence across time and cues even when reaction time is under their control.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neurovascular coupling and bilateral connectivity during NREM and REM sleep

    Kevin L Turner et al.
    Sleep-related hemodynamic signals are much larger than those in the awake brain, so it is crucial to monitor the arousal state during studies of spontaneous activity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Extended field-of-view ultrathin microendoscopes for high-resolution two-photon imaging with minimal invasiveness

    Andrea Antonini et al.
    Aberration correction using 3D microprinting in ultrathin microendoscopes allows two-photon imaging of large neuronal networks with homogeneously high spatial resolution and minimal invasiveness in the deep mouse brain.
    1. Neuroscience

    Stable and dynamic representations of value in the prefrontal cortex

    Pierre Enel et al.
    The prefrontal cortex encodes both stable and dynamic representations of expected value, providing mechanisms to support robust as well as flexible access to value information during temporal delays.
    1. Neuroscience

    Active information maintenance in working memory by a sensory cortex

    Xiaoxing Zhang et al.
    Delay-period activity of anterior piriform cortex is important for working memory tasks requiring active maintenance and encodes the maintained information.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    In-host population dynamics of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex during active disease

    Roger Vargas et al.
    Bulk whole genome sequencing data can be used to study the genetic variation present in pathogenic bacterial populations over the time-course of a single infection within a host.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Eco-evolutionary dynamics of nested Darwinian populations and the emergence of community-level heredity

    Guilhem Doulcier et al.
    Artificial selection on communities drives the evolution of interactions and establishes community-level inheritance.