4,969 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Behavioral training promotes multiple adaptive processes following acute hearing loss

    Peter Keating et al.
    Training enables adult humans to rapidly adapt their sound localization abilities to unilateral hearing loss by combining different strategies that rely on partially distinct neurophysiological substrates.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Multi-Level Selection: The perils of cheating

    M Florencia Camus
    Experiments on mitochondrial DNA in worms highlight that cheating does not always pay off.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Learning-related population dynamics in the auditory thalamus

    Ariel Gilad et al.
    The auditory thalamus encodes higher-order information that emerges while learning an auditory discrimination task.
    1. Neuroscience

    Principles of operation of a cerebellar learning circuit

    David J Herzfeld et al.
    Quantitative analysis of behavior coupled with computational modeling reveal the set of circuit-level principles that underlie cerebellar-dependent motor learning in smooth pursuit eye movements of monkeys across timescales.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Revisiting the role of Dcc in visual system development with a novel eye clearing method

    Robin J Vigouroux et al.
    A new eye-specific Dcc mutant combined with an improved clearing protocol for the eye and brain (EyeDISCO) reveals the requirement of the receptor Dcc for retinal development and maintenance.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional brain alterations following mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss in children

    Axelle Calcus et al.
    Mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss causes changes in the neurophysiological functioning that emerge during adolescence, as suggested by both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Deep learning models predict regulatory variants in pancreatic islets and refine type 2 diabetes association signals

    Agata Wesolowska-Andersen et al.
    Combination of deep learning models trained on tissue-specific genomic data and fine-mapping approaches supports efforts to identify causal variants and mechanisms at GWAS loci.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Dysregulation of sonic hedgehog signaling causes hearing loss in ciliopathy mouse models

    Kyeong-Hye Moon et al.
    Developmental defects of the cochlea caused by dysregulation of sonic hedgehog signaling are the potential etiology for hearing loss in a group of ciliopathies with defective ciliogenesis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Attenuation of dopamine-modulated prefrontal value signals underlies probabilistic reward learning deficits in old age

    Lieke de Boer et al.
    Attenuated anticipatory activity in ventromedial prefrontal cortex is modulated by dopamine D1 receptor density in nucleus accumbens, and accounts for impaired probabilistic reward learning in older adults.
    1. Neuroscience

    CCR5 is a suppressor for cortical plasticity and hippocampal learning and memory

    Miou Zhou et al.
    Repression of the G protein-coupled chemokine receptor CCR5 enhances MAPK/CREB signaling, long-term potentiation, somatosensory cortical plasticity, and learning and memory, while CCR5 over-activation by viral proteins may contribute to HIV-associated cognitive deficits.

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