4,449 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Thalamic reticular control of local sleep in mouse sensory cortex

    Laura MJ Fernandez et al.
    Local cortical sleep features arise subcortically due to heterogeneous burst discharge in neurons of a sleep rhythm pacemaker previously thought to act uniformly.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Spatial patterning of liver progenitor cell differentiation mediated by cellular contractility and Notch signaling

    Kerim B Kaylan et al.
    Mechanical stress plays a cooperative role with Notch in biliary differentiation of liver progenitors, supporting a model of liver development in which biomechanical cues are key inducers of cell fate.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Crohn’s disease polymorphism, ATG16L1 T300A, alters the gut microbiota and enhances the local Th1/Th17 response

    Sydney Lavoie et al.
    Gnotobiotic and conventional mouse models of the IBD ATG16L1T300A SNP reveal gene-microbiota-immune interactions.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    High-molecular-weight polymers from dietary fiber drive aggregation of particulates in the murine small intestine

    Asher Preska Steinberg et al.
    Polymers from dietary fiber can control the aggregation of particulates in the murine small intestine in a manner qualitatively consistent with depletion interactions.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Neuroscience

    Absence of TGFβ signaling in retinal microglia induces retinal degeneration and exacerbates choroidal neovascularization

    Wenxin Ma et al.
    TGFβ signaling to retinal microglia is central to the regulation of neuroinflammatory responses relevant to age-related macular degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of blindness in the developed world.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gut microbiota density influences host physiology and is shaped by host and microbial factors

    Eduardo J Contijoch et al.
    The density of the gut microbiota influences the host immune system and adiposity, and can be therapeutically manipulated.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Evolutionary pathways of repeat protein topology in bacterial outer membrane proteins

    Meghan Whitney Franklin et al.
    There is a strand-based evolutionary mechanism for the diversification of outer membrane proteins, which has implications for how repeat proteins are created and for how outer membrane proteins fold.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    RNA-binding proteins distinguish between similar sequence motifs to promote targeted deadenylation by Ccr4-Not

    Michael W Webster et al.
    Biochemical reconstitution of deadenylation and analysis of binding kinetics reveals how RNA-binding proteins select their mRNA targets.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Immune genes are hotspots of shared positive selection across birds and mammals

    Allison J Shultz, Timothy B Sackton
    Pathogens, particularly viruses, target the same genes over deep evolutionary time, resulting in shared signatures of positive selection and transcriptional responses at the same genes.
    1. Neuroscience

    Comparisons between the ON- and OFF-edge motion pathways in the Drosophila brain

    Kazunori Shinomiya et al.
    A complete connectome of the ON and OFF motion pathways of the Drosophila optic lobe is acquired using three-dimensional EM methods, and the similarities and differences of the two pathways are uncovered.

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