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    1. Neuroscience

    The neuronal architecture of the mushroom body provides a logic for associative learning

    Yoshinori Aso et al.
    A map of the entire array of cell types and potential projections in the mushroom body of the fruit fly brain provides insights into the circuitry that supports learning of stimulus-reward and stimulus–punishment associations.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    3DeeCellTracker, a deep learning-based pipeline for segmenting and tracking cells in 3D time lapse images

    Chentao Wen et al.
    A deep learning-based pipeline was developed for extracting cellular signals flexibly from moving cells in 3D time lapse images, and it outperformed previous methods under different imaging conditions.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The 133-kDa N-terminal domain enables myosin 15 to maintain mechanotransducing stereocilia and is essential for hearing

    Qing Fang et al.
    Two myosin 15 isoforms are required separately for the development and long-term maintenance of hearing.
    1. Neuroscience

    Learning prediction error neurons in a canonical interneuron circuit

    Loreen Hertäg, Henning Sprekeler
    The formation and refinement of prediction error circuits relies on an experience-dependent balance of excitation and inhibition in canonical microcircuits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Functional brain alterations following mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss in children

    Axelle Calcus et al.
    Mild-to-moderate sensorineural hearing loss causes changes in the neurophysiological functioning that emerge during adolescence, as suggested by both cross-sectional and longitudinal designs.
    1. Neuroscience

    CCR5 is a suppressor for cortical plasticity and hippocampal learning and memory

    Miou Zhou et al.
    Repression of the G protein-coupled chemokine receptor CCR5 enhances MAPK/CREB signaling, long-term potentiation, somatosensory cortical plasticity, and learning and memory, while CCR5 over-activation by viral proteins may contribute to HIV-associated cognitive deficits.
    1. Neuroscience

    Neural structure mapping in human probabilistic reward learning

    Fabrice Luyckx et al.
    During learning, human neural codes for experienced reward probability map onto the same mental number line for symbolic numbers.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dopamine role in learning and action inference

    Rafal Bogacz
    A mathematical model describes the function of dopaminergic neurons in both learning and action planning.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The ribosomal P-stalk couples amino acid starvation to GCN2 activation in mammalian cells

    Heather P Harding et al.
    Genetic lesions that compromise the ribosome P-stalk implicate direct signalling from the ribosome to the translation initiation factor eIF2 kinase GCN2 in the cellular response to amino acid starvation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Novel origin of lamin-derived cytoplasmic intermediate filaments in tardigrades

    Lars Hering et al.
    A newly discovered cytoplasmic intermediate filament in water bears may help these animals to resist extreme environmental conditions.