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    1. Neuroscience
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Failures of nerve regeneration caused by aging or chronic denervation are rescued by restoring Schwann cell c-Jun

    Laura J Wagstaff et al.
    In vivo experiments on transgenic mice, and cell culture studies, establish Schwann cell c-Jun as a central regulator of peripheral nerve repair, and repair failure, during aging and chronic denervation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Molecular basis for the adaptive evolution of environment-sensing by H-NS proteins

    Xiaochuan Zhao et al.
    Combining in silico and experimental approaches to identify and understand the residue changes in the H-NS protein that allowed bacteria to adapt environment-sensing to different habitats.
    1. Neuroscience

    Layer 6 ensembles can selectively regulate the behavioral impact and layer-specific representation of sensory deviants

    Jakob Voigts et al.
    Changing which layer 6 neurons are active during sensory tasks disrupts the detection and encoding of changes, but still allows integration of sensory information in the absence of changes.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Atomic structures of respiratory complex III2, complex IV, and supercomplex III2-IV from vascular plants

    Maria Maldonado et al.
    The structures of plant CIII2, CIV, and SC III2+IV challenge long-standing assumptions, generate new mechanistic hypotheses and allow for the generation of more selective agricultural inhibitors.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microsecond interaural time difference discrimination restored by cochlear implants after neonatal deafness

    Nicole Rosskothen-Kuhl et al.
    Early deaf human CI users are often insensitive to sub-millisecond interaural time differences (ITDs); however, with synchronized CIs, early deafened rats learned to lateralize small ITDs near 50 µs.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amplitude modulations of cortical sensory responses in pulsatile evidence accumulation

    Sue Ann Koay et al.
    From as early as primary visual cortex and across posterior cortical areas, neural responses to visual pulses during an evidence-accumulation task exhibit a multitude of task-related amplitude modulations/gain changes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells are regulated by shared enhancers and KLF transcription factors

    Shiri Kult et al.
    The molecular identity of bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells, which display a mixture of transcriptomes of two neighboring cell types, enables the formation of the unique transitional tissue of the enthesis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary conflicts and adverse effects of antiviral factors

    Daniel Sauter, Frank Kirchhoff
    Innate antiviral factors do not always perfectly distinguish between self and foreign, and potential adverse effects of antiviral defense mechanisms for the host have been discussed.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Dentate gyrus development requires a cortical hem-derived astrocytic scaffold

    Alessia Caramello et al.
    An astrocytic scaffold that depends on SOX9 guides embryonic neuronal progenitors toward the developing dentate gyrus.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Emx2 regulates hair cell rearrangement but not positional identity within neuromasts

    Sho Ohta et al.
    Emx2 is not required for sibling HCs to acquire their designated locations within the neuromast, inferring that Emx2 mediates opposite HC orientation by changing location of hair bundle establishment.