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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    SCGN deficiency results in colitis susceptibility

    Luis F Sifuentes-Dominguez et al.
    A novel mutation in SCGN is associated with risk for inflammatory bowel disease and implicates the intestinal neuroendocrine compartment in the pathogenesis of this disorder.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Single cell analysis reveals immune cell–adipocyte crosstalk regulating the transcription of thermogenic adipocytes

    Prashant Rajbhandari et al.
    Crosstalk between IL10-producing immune cells and adipocytes within adipose tissue is an important determinant of thermogenesis and systemic energy balance.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An ancestral apical brain region contributes to the central complex under the control of foxQ2 in the beetle Tribolium

    Bicheng He et al.
    An ancestral apical brain center contributed to the evolution of the insect central complex requiring foxQ2, which is essential for the development of midline structures of the insect brain.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    The Tudor SND1 protein is an m6A RNA reader essential for replication of Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus

    Belinda Baquero-Perez et al.
    SND1 has m6A-reading ability and is essential for Kaposi's sarcoma-associated lytic replication.
    1. Neuroscience

    Olfactory connectivity mediates sleep-dependent food choices in humans

    Surabhi Bhutani et al.
    Sleep deprivation enhances energy-dense food choices and encoding of olfactory information in the human brain.
    1. Developmental Biology

    NEIL1 and NEIL2 DNA glycosylases protect neural crest development against mitochondrial oxidative stress

    Dandan Han et al.
    NEIL DNA glycosylases are required to counteract oxidative base damages within the mitochondrial genome to safeguard neural crest cell differentiation.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Accelerated phosphatidylcholine turnover in macrophages promotes adipose tissue inflammation in obesity

    Kasparas Petkevicius et al.
    Obesity leads to increased phosphatidylcholine turnover in adipose tissue macrophages that makes them susceptible to saturated fatty acid-induced inflammation.
    1. Neuroscience

    Altered gating of Kv1.4 in the nucleus accumbens suppresses motivation for reward

    Bernadette O'Donovan et al.
    Low effort-based motivation to pursue naturally rewarding stimuli can be increased pharmacologically, by targeting inactivation of a single voltage-gated potassium channel within the mesolimbic dopamine reward system.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Interferon lambda 4 impacts the genetic diversity of hepatitis C virus

    M Azim Ansari et al.
    Interferon lambda 4, a protein part of the innate immune response, drives major amino acids selection in patients chronically infected with hepatitis C virus.
    1. Neuroscience

    The cerebellum is involved in processing of predictions and prediction errors in a fear conditioning paradigm

    Thomas Michael Ernst et al.
    Pronounced cerebellar activation during unexpected omission of a potentially harmful event suggests that the cerebellum has to be added to the neural network processing prediction errors underlying emotional associative learning.