179 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Variation in olfactory neuron repertoires is genetically controlled and environmentally modulated

    Ximena Ibarra-Soria et al.
    The neuronal composition of a mouse’s nose is individually unique due to a combination of olfactory experience and genetic variation local to olfactory receptor genes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Patched1 and Patched2 inhibit Smoothened non-cell autonomously

    Brock Roberts et al.
    Ptch1/2 can lower the sensitivity of Smo to activation by Shh via the secretion of a sterol precursor.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Nascent-Seq reveals novel features of mouse circadian transcriptional regulation

    Jerome S Menet et al.
    Genome-wide measurements on mouse liver cells show that transcription, and a particular key transcription factor, have a smaller than expected influence on the mouse circadian system.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Odd-paired controls frequency doubling in Drosophila segmentation by altering the pair-rule gene regulatory network

    Erik Clark, Michael Akam
    The organisation of the Drosophila embryo into segmental units is orchestrated by combinatorial regulatory interactions between spatially patterned and temporally patterned transcription factors.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Crystal structure of an HIV assembly and maturation switch

    Jonathan M Wagner et al.
    Folding and unfolding of a 6-helix bundle controls HIV assembly and maturation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Modulation of Prdm9-controlled meiotic chromosome asynapsis overrides hybrid sterility in mice

    Sona Gregorova et al.
    Prdm9-generated meiotic asynapsis of homologous chromosomes in mouse subspecific hybrids causes hybrid sterility and can be reversed by introducing random stretches of consubspecific sequence (≥ 27Mb) on four chromosomes most sensitive to asynapsis.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sparse genetic tracing reveals regionally specific functional organization of mammalian nociceptors

    William Olson et al.
    Single-nociceptor tracing reveals a novel somatotopic organization for the mammalian pain system, and physiological recordings and peripheral optogenetic behavior assays suggest that it is a possible mechanism underlying region-specific pain sensation.
    1. Cell Biology

    Centriolar remodeling underlies basal body maturation during ciliogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Inna V Nechipurenko et al.
    Building on previous work (Doroquez et al., 2014), it is shown that the centriole core of the basal body degenerates, but the outer wall remodels to template the ciliary axoneme in a subset of C. elegans ciliated sensory neurons.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Hypothalamic melanin concentrating hormone neurons communicate the nutrient value of sugar

    Ana I Domingos et al.
    Natural sugars are preferred over artificial sweeteners because of their nutritional content, which is sensed by MCH neurons in the lateral hypothalamus.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Independent amylase gene copy number bursts correlate with dietary preferences in mammals

    Petar Pajic et al.
    Comprehensive analyses of amylase duplications and salivary activity across mammals underscore the importance of recurrent copy number variation as a flexible and rapid evolutionary mechanism.

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