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    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Independent amylase gene copy number bursts correlate with dietary preferences in mammals

    Petar Pajic et al.
    Comprehensive analyses of amylase duplications and salivary activity across mammals underscore the importance of recurrent copy number variation as a flexible and rapid evolutionary mechanism.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Time-resolved mapping of genetic interactions to model rewiring of signaling pathways

    Florian Heigwer et al.
    Genetic interaction analysis by combinatorial genetic perturbation and high-throughput imaging maps time- and context-dependent crosstalk between signaling pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    Single-cell transcriptomic evidence for dense intracortical neuropeptide networks

    Stephen J Smith et al.
    Single-cell mRNA sequencing data from mouse neocortex expose evidence for peptidergic neuromodulation networks that locally interconnect every cortical neuron.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Profilin and formin constitute a pacemaker system for robust actin filament growth

    Johanna Funk et al.
    Profilin release from the filament end controls the speed of actin growth at physiological conditions.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    All-atom molecular dynamics of the HBV capsid reveals insights into biological function and cryo-EM resolution limits

    Jodi A Hadden et al.
    All-atom molecular dynamics of the HBV capsid supports a role for structural asymmetry in biological function, reveals the potential for triangular pores to mediate cellular signaling, and indicates that capsid flexibility may limit resolution attainable by cryo-EM.
    1. Cell Biology

    Centriolar remodeling underlies basal body maturation during ciliogenesis in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Inna V Nechipurenko et al.
    Building on previous work (Doroquez et al., 2014), it is shown that the centriole core of the basal body degenerates, but the outer wall remodels to template the ciliary axoneme in a subset of C. elegans ciliated sensory neurons.
    1. Neuroscience

    Hypothalamic melanin concentrating hormone neurons communicate the nutrient value of sugar

    Ana I Domingos et al.
    Natural sugars are preferred over artificial sweeteners because of their nutritional content, which is sensed by MCH neurons in the lateral hypothalamus.
    1. Developmental Biology

    The Wg and Dpp morphogens regulate gene expression by modulating the frequency of transcriptional bursts

    Rachael Bakker et al.
    Experimental results in Drosophila support a model in which gene expression is fundamentally controlled by morphogens tuning the same transcription parameter for genes that are expressed in highly diverse patterns.
    1. Neuroscience

    Thermosensitive alternative splicing senses and mediates temperature adaptation in Drosophila

    Ane Martin Anduaga et al.
    Temperature controls the circadian clock by directly regulating the alternative splicing of timeless..
    1. Developmental Biology

    NEIL1 and NEIL2 DNA glycosylases protect neural crest development against mitochondrial oxidative stress

    Dandan Han et al.
    NEIL DNA glycosylases are required to counteract oxidative base damages within the mitochondrial genome to safeguard neural crest cell differentiation.