1,434 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Free-energy simulations reveal molecular mechanism for functional switch of a DNA helicase

    Wen Ma et al.
    Integration of structural bioinformatics and free-energy simulations reveals how a helicase switches its function from unwinding to rezipping DNA, during which a key metastable conformation is predicted and verified by single-molecule measurements.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Determination of host proteins composing the microenvironment of coronavirus replicase complexes by proximity-labeling

    Philip V'kovski et al.
    The molecular microenvironment of coronaviral replicase complexes provides functional and spatial links between conserved cellular processes and viral RNA synthesis, and highlights potential targets for the development of novel antivirals.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Coupling between the DEAD-box RNA helicases Ded1p and eIF4A

    Zhaofeng Gao et al.
    Ded1p and eIF4A, two RNA helicases that function in eukaryotic translation initiation, interact physically with each other and with the scaffolding protein eIF4G.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Distinct interactions of eIF4A and eIF4E with RNA helicase Ded1 stimulate translation in vivo

    Suna Gulay et al.
    Interactions of eIF4A and eIF4E with specific amino-acids in the N-terminal domain of DEAD-box helicase Ded1 enhance bulk polysome assembly and translation of reporter mRNAs with structured leaders in vivo.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Mechanisms of opening and closing of the bacterial replicative helicase

    Jillian Chase et al.
    Analysis of the Escherichia coli DnaB helicase•bacteriophage λ helicase loader (λP) complex provides insights into helicase opening, delivery to the origin and ssDNA entry, and closing in preparation for translocation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Dna2 nuclease-helicase structure, mechanism and regulation by Rpa

    Chun Zhou et al.
    X-ray crystallography reveals that the Dna2 nuclease-helicase contains a long tunnel through which single-stranded DNA threads, and an allosteric mechanism for displacing the DNA-binding protein Rpa that restricts cleavage to the proper polarity.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Ambiguities in helical reconstruction

    Edward H Egelman
    While electron microscopic helical reconstruction is a powerful technique in structural biology, mistakes can be made in determining the helical symmetry, leading to structures that are artifactual.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    CMG helicase disassembly is controlled by replication fork DNA, replisome components and a ubiquitin threshold

    Tom D Deegan et al.
    Ubiquitylation of the CMG helicase is inhibited throughout the initiation and elongation phases of chromosome replication by the DNA structure of a replication fork.
    1. Cell Biology

    Human Nup98 regulates the localization and activity of DExH/D-box helicase DHX9

    Juliana S Capitanio et al.
    Mechanistic insight into the role of intranuclear Nup98 in gene expression is revealed by functional interactions with the helicase DHX9.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Action of CMG with strand-specific DNA blocks supports an internal unwinding mode for the eukaryotic replicative helicase

    Lance Langston, Mike O’Donnell
    The CMG complex, the replicative helicase in eukaryotes, uses a different mechanism from bacterial and viral helicases by engaging both strands of parental DNA with substantial force and unwinding the duplex within the central channel of CMG.

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