56 results found
  1. Episode 73: April 2021

    In this episode, we hear about microdosing, bacteria in rivers, parasites and inflammation, aging, and non-inclusive language in science.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health
    3. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    4. Genetics and Genomics

    Evolutionary Medicine: A Special Issue

    Edited by George H Perry et al.
    eLife is pleased to present a Special Issue to highlight recent advances in the growing and increasingly interdisciplinary field of evolutionary medicine.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Imaging-based chemical screening reveals activity-dependent neural differentiation of pluripotent stem cells

    Yaping Sun et al.
    A chemical screen reveals that a compound used to treat a parasitic disease can trigger pluripotent stem cells to become neurons, uncovering a novel mechanism behind neuronal development.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Ordered patterning of the sensory system is susceptible to stochastic features of gene expression

    Ritika Giri et al.
    How gene expression noise is regulated is critical for cell fate and tissue patterning.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Electron cryo-microscopy of bacteriophage PR772 reveals the elusive vertex complex and the capsid architecture

    Hemanth KN Reddy et al.
    The structure and composition of the elusive vertex complex in Tectiviridae is finally revealed and the newly reported protein conformations help to maintain the capsid architecture.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Pausing guides RNA folding to populate transiently stable RNA structures for riboswitch-based transcription regulation

    Hannah Steinert et al.
    The discontinuous speed of transcription enables riboswitch molecules to adopt meta-stable structures in response to the presence of their cognate ligand, thereby gene-regulation by means of structure induced transcription termination can occur.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Application of human liver organoids as a patient-derived primary model for HBV infection and related hepatocellular carcinoma

    Elisa De Crignis et al.
    Human liver organoids provide a patient-derived platform to interrogate host and viral mechanisms of HBV replication, perform anti-HBV and toxicity drug screens, and investigate the molecular determinants of related tumorigenesis.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Broad geographic sampling reveals the shared basis and environmental correlates of seasonal adaptation in Drosophila

    Heather E Machado et al.
    Seasonal selection is a general feature of Drosophila melanogaster genetic variation, occurring in North American and European populations and affecting large proportions of the genome.
    1. Medicine

    Performance of a deep learning based neural network in the selection of human blastocysts for implantation

    Charles L Bormann et al.
    A well-trained deep learning neural network can outperform and can potentially assist expertly trained embryologists in selecting embryos based on their implantation potential, even amongst high-quality euploid blastocyst embryos.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kv2.1 mediates spatial and functional coupling of L-type calcium channels and ryanodine receptors in mammalian neurons

    Nicholas C Vierra et al.
    A potassium channel, as a nonconducting function, organizes compartmentalized neuronal calcium signaling microdomains via structural and functional coupling of plasma membrane and endoplasmic reticulum calcium channels.

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