24 results found
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed genome editing of the omega-1 ribonuclease of the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni

    Wannaporn Ittiprasert et al.
    Gene knock-out of the omega-1 ribonuclease of Schistosoma mansoni eggs resulted in immunologically impaired phenotype, showcasing the novel application of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing and utility for functional genomics in schistosomes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed knockout mutation of liver fluke granulin attenuates virulence of infection-induced hepatobiliary morbidity

    Patpicha Arunsan et al.
    Gene knockout of liver fluke granulin by CRISPR/Cas9 attenuates the virulence of infection with a carcinogenic liver fluke.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Sae2/CtIP prevents R-loop accumulation in eukaryotic cells

    Nodar Makharashvili et al.
    The CtIP DNA repair enzyme is required for the removal of transcription-associated lesions in eukaryotic cells.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Concerted IL-25R and IL-4Rα signaling drive innate type 2 effector immunity for optimal helminth expulsion

    Katherine A Smith et al.
    Immune expulsion of helminth parasites is driven by two key pathways mediated by soluble cytokines ligating to the IL-4 and IL-25 receptors acting on innate effector cells throughout the course of infection.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Arid1a restrains Kras-dependent changes in acinar cell identity

    Geulah Livshits et al.
    Arid1a loss in the pancreas enables an irreversible reprogramming of cell fate that is dependent on both cellular and genetic context.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Two complement receptor one alleles have opposing associations with cerebral malaria and interact with α+thalassaemia

    D Herbert Opi et al.
    Analysis of a large Kenyan dataset may resolve previously conflicting studies by identifying polymorphisms which interact to modify the risk of cerebral malaria.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Microbial eukaryotes have adapted to hypoxia by horizontal acquisitions of a gene involved in rhodoquinone biosynthesis

    Courtney W Stairs et al.
    A number of microbial eukaryotes have adapted to low oxygen conditions by acquiring a gene that allows their mitochondrial electron transport chain to continue to function when oxygen is scarce.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of the scale-up of piped water on urogenital schistosomiasis infection in rural South Africa

    Frank Tanser et al.
    Scale-up of safe water supplies decreases a child's risk of urogenital schistosomiasis infection by eight-fold in a typical rural African population.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Science Forum: The Human Cell Atlas

    Aviv Regev et al.
    Advances in techniques for analysing single cells and tissues have inspired an international effort to create comprehensive reference maps of all human cells - the fundamental units of life - as a basis for both understanding human health and diagnosing, monitoring and treating disease.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Myeloid cell recruitment versus local proliferation differentiates susceptibility from resistance to filarial infection

    Sharon M Campbell et al.
    Macrophage dynamics are fundamentally different between two commonly used inbred mouse strains and differences in local resident cell expansion versus monocyte recruitment determine the outcome of tissue nematode infection.

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