36 results found
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Imaging-based chemical screening reveals activity-dependent neural differentiation of pluripotent stem cells

    Yaping Sun et al.
    A chemical screen reveals that a compound used to treat a parasitic disease can trigger pluripotent stem cells to become neurons, uncovering a novel mechanism behind neuronal development.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Ordered patterning of the sensory system is susceptible to stochastic features of gene expression

    Ritika Giri et al.
    How gene expression noise is regulated is critical for cell fate and tissue patterning.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Pausing guides RNA folding to populate transiently stable RNA structures for riboswitch-based transcription regulation

    Hannah Steinert et al.
    The discontinuous speed of transcription enables riboswitch molecules to adopt meta-stable structures in response to the presence of their cognate ligand, thereby gene-regulation by means of structure induced transcription termination can occur.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    CD28 expression is required after T cell priming for helper T cell responses and protective immunity to infection

    Michelle A Linterman et al.
    The co-stimulatory molecule CD28 is required after T cell priming for helper T cell polarization in response to an infection.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Effects of water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutritional interventions on telomere length among children in a cluster-randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh

    Audrie Lin et al.
    In a randomized controlled trial in rural Bangladesh, an intensive, combined water, sanitation, handwashing, and nutrition intervention delivered to compounds of newborn children increased telomere length attrition during their first year of life.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed genome editing of the omega-1 ribonuclease of the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni

    Wannaporn Ittiprasert et al.
    Gene knock-out of the omega-1 ribonuclease of Schistosoma mansoni eggs resulted in immunologically impaired phenotype, showcasing the novel application of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing and utility for functional genomics in schistosomes.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Impact of the scale-up of piped water on urogenital schistosomiasis infection in rural South Africa

    Frank Tanser et al.
    Scale-up of safe water supplies decreases a child's risk of urogenital schistosomiasis infection by eight-fold in a typical rural African population.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Two complement receptor one alleles have opposing associations with cerebral malaria and interact with α+thalassaemia

    D Herbert Opi et al.
    Analysis of a large Kenyan dataset may resolve previously conflicting studies by identifying polymorphisms which interact to modify the risk of cerebral malaria.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Antagonism between parasites within snail hosts impacts the transmission of human schistosomiasis

    Martina R Laidemitt et al.
    Interactions among parasites in snails create cascading effects on their transmission and highlight that biodiversity has complex, context-dependent and important effects on human schistosomiasis transmission dynamics.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Kv2.1 mediates spatial and functional coupling of L-type calcium channels and ryanodine receptors in mammalian neurons

    Nicholas C Vierra et al.
    A potassium channel, as a nonconducting function, organizes compartmentalized neuronal calcium signaling microdomains via structural and functional coupling of plasma membrane and endoplasmic reticulum calcium channels.

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