Browse the search results

Page 2 of 3
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed knockout mutation of liver fluke granulin attenuates virulence of infection-induced hepatobiliary morbidity

    Patpicha Arunsan et al.
    Gene knockout of liver fluke granulin by CRISPR/Cas9 attenuates the virulence of infection with a carcinogenic liver fluke.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    A transmission-virulence evolutionary trade-off explains attenuation of HIV-1 in Uganda

    François Blanquart et al.
    Analysis of epidemiological data reveals that viral loads in newly HIV-1 infected individuals in Uganda have declined for two decades, and evolutionary modelling shows that attenuation of the virus explains this decline.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    A type I IFN-dependent DNA damage response regulates the genetic program and inflammasome activation in macrophages

    Abigail J Morales et al.
    Activated macrophages initiate a robust DNA damage response that depends on type I IFN and regulates their genetic program and inflammasome activation, establishing a mechanistic link between DNA damage responses and innate immunity.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Vitamin A supplements, routine immunization, and the subsequent risk of Plasmodium infection among children under 5 years in sub-Saharan Africa

    Maria-Graciela Hollm-Delgado et al.
    An analysis of national survey data shows that vitamin A might protect against malaria infection, an effect potentially modified by seasonality, and that no routine vaccinations were linked to parasitemia, though BCG vaccination was associated with PfHRP-2 antigenemia.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    Identification of a lipid scrambling domain in ANO6/TMEM16F

    Kuai Yu et al.
    The amino acids that are necessary for phospholipid scrambling by ANO6/TMEM16F can, via domain swapping, confer scrambling activity to the chloride ion channel ANO1 that normally does not scramble phospholipids.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    MicroRNAs down-regulate homologous recombination in the G1 phase of cycling cells to maintain genomic stability

    Young Eun Choi et al.
    MicroRNAs tightly control the cellular level of homologous recombination (HR) factors in the G1 phase, and failure of this control system results in an ectopic increase in HR proteins in G1 cells leading to impaired DNA repair.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Sae2/CtIP prevents R-loop accumulation in eukaryotic cells

    Nodar Makharashvili et al.
    The CtIP DNA repair enzyme is required for the removal of transcription-associated lesions in eukaryotic cells.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Predicting mosquito infection from Plasmodium falciparum gametocyte density and estimating the reservoir of infection

    Thomas S Churcher et al.
    Identifying and treating those groups of individuals that are most likely to transmit the malaria parasite to mosquitoes could help to control the spread of the disease.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Microbial eukaryotes have adapted to hypoxia by horizontal acquisitions of a gene involved in rhodoquinone biosynthesis

    Courtney W Stairs et al.
    A number of microbial eukaryotes have adapted to low oxygen conditions by acquiring a gene that allows their mitochondrial electron transport chain to continue to function when oxygen is scarce.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Chromatin accessibility underlies synthetic lethality of SWI/SNF subunits in ARID1A-mutant cancers

    Timothy W R Kelso et al.
    ARID1A, a subunit of the SWI/SNF chromatin remodeling complex, and its homolog ARID1B function to maintain chromatin accessibility and active histone modifications at enhancers.