26 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Metabolic and non-metabolic liver zonation is established non-synchronously and requires sinusoidal Wnts

    Ruihua Ma et al.
    Mouse genetic approaches show that multiple Wnt endothelial sources orchestrate the spatiotemporal distribution of hepatocyte functions during liver maturation and respecify metabolic zonation during liver repair.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Epithelial magnesium transport by TRPM6 is essential for prenatal development and adult survival

    Vladimir Chubanov et al.
    Mice deficient in the TRPM6 channel suffer from impaired prenatal development, shortened lifespan, growth deficit and disturbed energy balance due to a defect in epithelial Mg2+ uptake, thus highlighting a pivotal role of TRPM6 in organismal Mg2+ homeostasis.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed genome editing of the omega-1 ribonuclease of the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni

    Wannaporn Ittiprasert et al.
    Gene knock-out of the omega-1 ribonuclease of Schistosoma mansoni eggs resulted in immunologically impaired phenotype, showcasing the novel application of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing and utility for functional genomics in schistosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    TAF4, a subunit of transcription factor II D, directs promoter occupancy of nuclear receptor HNF4A during post-natal hepatocyte differentiation

    Daniil Alpern et al.
    Physical and functional interactions between HNF4A and TAF4 coordinate HNF4A genomic occupancy with pre-initiation complex formation to activate post-natal hepatocyte gene expression.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Astrocytes refine cortical connectivity at dendritic spines

    W Christopher Risher et al.
    Spines with multiple excitatory contacts are potential sites for competition between thalamic and cortical axons, which is regulated by the astrocytes through the secreted synaptogenic protein hevin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Rapid learning and unlearning of predicted sensory delays in self-generated touch

    Konstantina Kilteni et al.
    The brain continuously updates the learned temporal relationship between motor commands and their associated somatosensory feedback, which determines the perceived intensity and ticklishness of self-touch.
    1. Neuroscience

    TRPC3 is a major contributor to functional heterogeneity of cerebellar Purkinje cells

    Bin Wu et al.
    Purkinje cells feature molecular heterogeneity that introduces differentiation in physiological properties between zebrin-identified cerebellar modules and thereby underlies the differential control on sensorimotor integration.
    1. Neuroscience

    Tactile sensory channels over-ruled by frequency decoding system that utilizes spike pattern regardless of receptor type

    Ingvars Birznieks et al.
    Perception of vibrotactile frequency depends on the neural discharge pattern rather than the afferent type, thus requiring a reevaluation of the notion of Pacinian/non-Pacinian channels in tactile sensory system.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    A hyperspectral method to assay the microphysiological fates of nanomaterials in histological samples

    Elliott D SoRelle et al.
    A new technique for biodistribution and targeted uptake studies of nanoparticle imaging agents is demonstrated and used to achieve levels of detail that are inaccessible through existing methods.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A versatile pipeline for the multi-scale digital reconstruction and quantitative analysis of 3D tissue architecture

    Hernán Morales-Navarrete et al.
    MotionTracking is freely available software that can generate multi-scale geometrical models of mammalian tissue and perform quantitative analysis of tissue architecture.

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