151 results found
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    The discriminatory power of the T cell receptor

    Johannes Pettmann et al.
    The ability of the T cell receptor to discriminate ligands is imperfect, allowing T cells to respond to ultra-low-affinity ligands.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    SIRT1 regulates sphingolipid metabolism and neural differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells through c-Myc-SMPDL3B

    Wei Fan et al.
    SIRT1, a cellular metabolic sensor, transcriptionally promotes sphingomyelin degradation in embryonic stem cells, which in turn modulates their membrane fluidity and neural differentiation.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Convalescent plasma use in the USA was inversely correlated with COVID-19 mortality

    Arturo Casadevall et al.
    A population-level analysis of convalescent plasma use and COVID-19 mortality in the USA revealed an inverse correlation and an estimate that recent declines in plasma use could have resulted in about 30,000 excess deaths.
    1. Cell Biology

    An in vivo reporter for tracking lipid droplet dynamics in transparent zebrafish

    Dianne Lumaquin et al.
    A novel transgenic lipid droplet reporter in transparent casper zebrafish allows direct visualization of individual lipid droplets in a living animal.
    1. Cell Biology

    SARS-CoV-2 requires cholesterol for viral entry and pathological syncytia formation

    David W Sanders et al.
    A high-throughput microscopy screen for drugs that modulate SARS-CoV-2 spike-mediated membrane fusion identifies an essential role for cholesterol in both virus entry and syncytia formation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    Association of Toll-like receptor 7 variants with life-threatening COVID-19 disease in males: findings from a nested case-control study

    Chiara Fallerini et al.
    In the context of susceptibility to severe COVID-19, the observations of a study provide the basis for a personalized interferon-based therapy in patients with rare TLR7 variants.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Genetic disruption of WASHC4 drives endo-lysosomal dysfunction and cognitive-movement impairments in mice and humans

    Jamie L Courtland et al.
    Cellular etiology of a human WASH complex mutation in mice reveals its specific roles in neuronal organelle trafficking and a surprising role in motor impairments.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    The allosteric modulation of complement C5 by knob domain peptides

    Alex Macpherson et al.
    Structural and functional analysis of a new class of low-molecular-weight antibody fragments, derived from bovine immunoglobulins, reveals their therapeutic potential against C5, a target for refractory inflammatory diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Chemical genetics and proteome-wide site mapping reveal cysteine MARylation by PARP-7 on immune-relevant protein targets

    Kelsie M Rodriguez et al.
    A combined chemical genetics, proximity labeling, and ADP-ribose site mapping approach shows that PARP-7 mono-ADP-ribosylates immune-relevant proteins on cysteine amino acids.

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