136 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    MicroRNA-122 supports robust innate immunity in hepatocytes by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway

    Hui Xu et al.
    The liver-specific miRNA microRNA-122 plays a previously unknown role in hepatocyte intrinsic innate immunity by targeting the RTKs/STAT3 signaling pathway.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Optimization-by-design of hepatotropic lipid nanoparticles targeting the sodium-taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide

    Dominik Witzigmann et al.
    The combination of in vitro investigations, the zebrafish screening model and rodent experiments offered a unique approach to optimizing nanoparticles modified with Hepatitis B virus-derived peptides to specifically target hepatocytes.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    A single-cell transcriptomic and anatomic atlas of mouse dorsal raphe Pet1 neurons

    Benjamin W Okaty et al.
    Dorsal raphe Pet1 neurons are molecularly heterogeneous, comprising as many as fourteen distinct subtypes that show biased cell body distributions across dorsal raphe subdomains.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Proteome-wide analysis of a malaria vaccine study reveals personalized humoral immune profiles in Tanzanian adults

    Flavia Camponovo et al.
    Malaria pre-exposed volunteers exhibit large breadth of humoral immune responses, with strong variation between individuals, which might compromise vaccine-induced humoral immune response due to natural imprinting.
    1. Medicine

    Late-life restoration of mitochondrial function reverses cardiac dysfunction in old mice

    Ying Ann Chiao et al.
    Mitochondrial-targeted SS-31 peptide ameliorates mitochondrial dysfunction and rescues pre-existing cardiac dysfunction in old mice, supporting the translational potential of mitochondrial protective interventions to treat age-related diseases.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The multi-subunit GID/CTLH E3 ubiquitin ligase promotes cell proliferation and targets the transcription factor Hbp1 for degradation

    Fabienne Lampert et al.
    Proteomic, biochemical and cell-based analyses of the heterodecameric core GID/CTLH E3 ligase complex reveal its molecular architecture, activity determinants, and function in targeting the tumor suppressor Hbp1 and other substrates required for cell proliferation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A promoter interaction map for cardiovascular disease genetics

    Lindsey E Montefiori et al.
    Promoter capture Hi-C in human iPSCs and iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes provides a platform to interrogate gene-regulatory dynamics of cardiomyocyte differentiation and directly links thousands of cardiovascular disease risk loci to hundreds of distal target genes.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Host autophagy machinery is diverted to the pathogen interface to mediate focal defense responses against the Irish potato famine pathogen

    Yasin F Dagdas et al.
    Defense-related selective autophagy mediated by the antimicrobial autophagy cargo receptor NBR1/Joka2 is diverted to pathogen penetration sites to restrict plant colonization by the oomycete pathogen Phytophthora infestans.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Extended low-resolution structure of a Leptospira antigen offers high bactericidal antibody accessibility amenable to vaccine design

    Ching-Lin Hsieh et al.
    The antibody accessibility of the leptospiral surface protein, LigB, provides a guide for the rational design of improved recombinant chimeric vaccine antigens displayed on a single domain scaffold.
    1. Cell Biology

    Defective STIM-mediated store operated Ca2+ entry in hepatocytes leads to metabolic dysfunction in obesity

    Ana Paula Arruda et al.
    Store operated calcium entry is defective in hepatocytes of obese mice, and restoring this process is sufficient to improve glucose metabolism.

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