56 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The heritability of multi-modal connectivity in human brain activity

    Giles L Colclough et al.
    Genes play an important role in determining the strength of functional connectivity in the human brain, and seem to outweigh the contribution from the developmental environment.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Genetic and environmental influences on adult human height across birth cohorts from 1886 to 1994

    Aline Jelenkovic et al.
    Genetic variance of adult human height shows a generally increasing trend across the birth-year cohorts but heritability estimates do not present any clear pattern of secular changes over a century.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Genome-wide identification of lineage and locus specific variation associated with pneumococcal carriage duration

    John A Lees et al.
    Sequence changes in the pneumococcal genome explain most of the variability in duration of asymptomatic carriage with serotype, antibiotic resistance and prophage accounting for the largest effects.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Discovery and validation of sub-threshold genome-wide association study loci using epigenomic signatures

    Xinchen Wang et al.
    Epigenomic signatures overlapping disease-associated variants from genome-wide association studies help prioritize new variants in sub-threshold loci whose biological relevance is experimentally confirmed.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Epidemiology: Promiscuous bacteria have staying power

    Ruth C Massey, Daniel J Wilson
    Being able to take up DNA from their environment might allow pneumococcal bacteria to colonize the human nose and throat for longer periods of time.
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    1. Ecology
    2. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    Point of View: Towards a mechanistic foundation of evolutionary theory

    Michael Doebeli et al.
    A description of evolution that is based on birth-death processes, and in which fitness is at most a derived quantity, is advocated.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Mutations in L-type amino acid transporter-2 support SLC7A8 as a novel gene involved in age-related hearing loss

    Meritxell Espino Guarch et al.
    SLC7A8 a neutral amino acid transporter has a key role in the maintenance of hearing during aging and its absence causes early onset of hearing loss.
    1. Genes and Chromosomes
    2. Plant Biology

    Local chromatin environment of a Polycomb target gene instructs its own epigenetic inheritance

    Scott Berry et al.
    Two copies of a Polycomb target gene in the same cell can be maintained in independently heritable expression states, demonstrating that long-term memory of gene expression is stored locally.
    1. Genomics and Evolutionary Biology

    The Arabidopsis thaliana mobilome and its impact at the species level

    Leandro Quadrana et al.
    Population genomics in Arabidopsis thaliana uncovers an extensive repertoire of active transposable element families at the species level and reveals their importance as a source of rare alleles with large effects.
    1. Neuroscience

    Sleep deprivation suppresses aggression in Drosophila

    Matthew S Kayser et al.
    A single night of sleep deprivation suppresses fighting behaviors in male fruit flies, with consequent impairments in reproductive fitness.

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