156 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Medicine

    Disrupted PGR-B and ESR1 signaling underlies defective decidualization linked to severe preeclampsia

    Tamara Garrido-Gomez et al.
    The in vivo transcriptomic fingerprint encoding defective decidualization comprises 120 genes associated with an imbalance hormonal signaling in the decidual endometria of women who developed severe preeclampsia.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Multiscale analysis reveals that diet-dependent midgut plasticity emerges from alterations in both stem cell niche coupling and enterocyte size

    Alessandro Bonfini et al.
    The nutrient composition of food alters both the size of gut epithelial cells and the ability of the stem cell niche to control tissue turnover, resulting in changes in size at the organ level.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Utility of polygenic embryo screening for disease depends on the selection strategy

    Todd Lencz et al.
    Preimplantation screening of embryos using polygenic risk scores may substantially reduce risk for a given complex disease, but this effect depends on several quantifiable factors and raises significant ethical issues.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Social-like responses are inducible in asocial Mexican cavefish despite the exhibition of strong repetitive behavior

    Motoko Iwashita, Masato Yoshizawa
    A new tracking method revealed the social-like interactions in the Mexican blind cavefish, which was thought to be evolutionarily lost, and also demonstrated its mammal-like antagonistic association between the social-like interaction and repetitive behavior.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Common host variation drives malaria parasite fitness in healthy human red cells

    Emily R Ebel et al.
    Human red blood cells from healthy donors display marked biophysical and genetic variation that impacts the growth of Plasmodium falciparum malaria parasites, outside of known disease alleles.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Telomere length is associated with growth in children in rural Bangladesh

    Audrie Lin et al.
    In a rural, low-income setting in Bangladesh, early-life telomere length was associated with concurrent growth.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Human genetic analyses of organelles highlight the nucleus in age-related trait heritability

    Rahul Gupta et al.
    Although cellular organelles show a functional deterioration in aging, genetic loci associated with common age-associated disease instead nominate nuclear transcription factors across several age-related diseases.
    1. Neuroscience

    Physiological and motion signatures in static and time-varying functional connectivity and their subject identifiability

    Alba Xifra-Porxas et al.
    BOLD fMRI fluctuations induced by head motion and variations in cardiac and breathing activity lead to artifactual patterns in functional connectivity as well as recurrent patterns in time-varying functional connectivity.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical magnification in human visual cortex parallels task performance around the visual field

    Noah C Benson et al.
    In humans, the surface area of early visual cortex across polar angle is distributed in a pattern that correlates strongly with radial asymmetries in behavioral performance on visual tasks.
    1. Ecology

    How will mosquitoes adapt to climate warming?

    Lisa I Couper et al.
    Mosquitoes may be likely to adapt to climate warming given their short life cycles and strong temperature sensitivity, but key data gaps identified here constrain current estimates of adaptive potential.

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