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    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Extensive impact of low-frequency variants on the phenotypic landscape at population-scale

    Téo Fournier et al.
    Genome-wide association studies on a diallel yeast panel revealed the relevance of low-frequency variants on the phenotypic diversity and consequently on the missing heritability at a population-scale.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic variation in adaptability and pleiotropy in budding yeast

    Elizabeth R Jerison et al.
    Substantial heritable genetic variation in adaptability and the pleiotropic consequences of adaptation exists in budding yeast, and can be explained by a combination of fitness and specific segregating alleles.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Germline burden of rare damaging variants negatively affects human healthspan and lifespan

    Anastasia V Shindyapina et al.
    Rare highly damaging mutations that are present in most human genomes decrease lifespan and are associated with an earlier onset of chronic diseases.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Panton–Valentine leucocidin is the key determinant of Staphylococcus aureus pyomyositis in a bacterial GWAS

    Bernadette C Young et al.
    Genome-wide association studies have established staphylococcal pyomyositis as a disease whose pathogenesis depends critically on expression of a single toxin, Panton–Valentine leukocidin.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Variable prediction accuracy of polygenic scores within an ancestry group

    Hakhamanesh Mostafavi et al.
    The prediction accuracies of polygenic scores in humans vary depending on the characteristics of the samples, as well as based on the study design, within a single ancestry group.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic Variation: Searching for solutions to the missing heritability problem

    Luisa F Pallares
    Rare genetic variants in yeast explain a large amount of phenotypic variation in a complex trait like growth.
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    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Rare missense variants in the human cytosolic antibody receptor preserve antiviral function

    Jingwei Zeng et al.
    Studying the impact of natural variation on a key immune gene highlights how focusing on a single wild-type sequence overlooks that rare variants cause the most disease.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Alternative polyadenylation mediates genetic regulation of gene expression

    Briana E Mittleman et al.
    Genetic variation can impact multiple levels of gene regulation and disease through alternative polyadenylation.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    An integrative genomic analysis of the Longshanks selection experiment for longer limbs in mice

    João PL Castro et al.
    Genome sequencing of mice selected for longer limbs reveals that rapid selection response is due to both discrete loci and polygenic adaptation.
    1. Ecology
    2. Plant Biology

    Genetic variation, environment and demography intersect to shape Arabidopsis defense metabolite variation across Europe

    Ella Katz et al.
    Measurements of specialized metabolites across a population of 800 natural Arabidopsis thaliana accessions revealed different pressures and evolutionary processes that shaped their variation and distribution across Europe.