1,544 results found
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Opposing effects of T cell receptor signal strength on CD4 T cells responding to acute versus chronic viral infection

    Marco Künzli et al.
    T cell receptor signal strength correlates positively with Th1 generation during acute infection but negatively during chronic infection.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    A Non-stop identity complex (NIC) supervises enterocyte identity and protects from premature aging

    Neta Erez et al.
    A nuclear Non-stop identity complex (NIC) supervises enterocyte (EC) identity, preserves tissue homeostasis, and prevents premature aging by maintaining EC-specific gene expression, silencing non-relevant programs, and safeguarding large-scale nuclear organization.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Repeated outbreaks drive the evolution of bacteriophage communication

    Hilje M Doekes et al.
    Mathematical modelling suggests that the evolution of communication between bacterial viruses requires repeated outbreak events, and the model then predicts typical communication strategies.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Emergence and diversification of a highly invasive chestnut pathogen lineage across southeastern Europe

    Lea Stauber et al.
    The chestnut blight fungus has successfully established an intermediary, diverse European bridgehead population, giving rise to a highly invasive clonal lineage spreading across southeastern Europe.
    1. Neuroscience

    Parabrachial opioidergic projections to preoptic hypothalamus mediate behavioral and physiological thermal defenses

    Aaron J Norris et al.
    Warm-activated parabrachial neurons contain overlapping dynorphin and enkephalin expressing subpopulations, project to preoptic hypothalamus, and mediate behavioral and physiological thermal defenses behaviors.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular structures of the eukaryotic retinal importer ABCA4

    Fangyu Liu et al.
    The structures of ABCA4 in two conformations provide a framework to understand its transport mechanism.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Viral load and contact heterogeneity predict SARS-CoV-2 transmission and super-spreading events

    Ashish Goyal et al.
    A mathematical model was used to establish a simple conceptual basis for why super-spreader events fundamentally drive the spread of SARS-CoV-2 but not influenza.
    1. Neuroscience

    α-Synuclein plasma membrane localization correlates with cellular phosphatidylinositol polyphosphate levels

    Reeba Susan Jacob et al.
    Plasma membrane clusters of the Parkinson's disease protein α-synuclein colocalize with negatively charged phospholipids involved in endocytosis and exocytosis.
    1. Ecology

    Volatile DMNT directly protects plants against Plutella xylostella by disrupting the peritrophic matrix barrier in insect midgut

    Chen Chen et al.
    The natural volatile component DMNT protects plants from insect attacks by damaging peritropic matrix barriers in insect midguts, paving a promising way for the molecular breeding of plant protection.
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Single molecule microscopy reveals key physical features of repair foci in living cells

    Judith Miné-Hattab et al.
    Upon DNA damage, Rad52 forms a membraneless sub-compartment where Rad52 molecules are highly dynamic and share properties with liquid-liquid phase-separated molecules, reflecting the existence of a liquid droplet around damaged DNA.

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