14 results found
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Secondary ossification center induces and protects growth plate structure

    Meng Xie et al.
    The principle underlying the appearance of the growth plate, an organ responsible for longitudinal growth, has implications for various cartilage pathologies including growth abnormalities in children, trauma and osteoarthritis.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Lin28a/let-7 pathway modulates the Hox code via Polycomb regulation during axial patterning in vertebrates

    Tempei Sato et al.
    Genetic analyses reveal that the loss of Lin28a causes axial shortening with mild skeletal transformations via decreased PRC1 at Hox genes, establishing a new pathway in the “Hox code.”.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Species-specific maturation profiles of human, chimpanzee and bonobo neural cells

    Maria C Marchetto et al.
    Using iPSCs as a model to study neurodevelopmental differences between human and nonhuman primates lays the groundwork for understanding aspects of human brain evolution and neurological disease susceptibility.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Mapping single-cell atlases throughout Metazoa unravels cell type evolution

    Alexander J Tarashansky et al.
    Mapping single-cell atlases throughout Metazoa systematically characterizes cell type diversity and the evolution of their associated gene expression programs.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The Makorin lep-2 and the lncRNA lep-5 regulate lin-28 to schedule sexual maturation of the C. elegans nervous system

    Hannah Lawson et al.
    Genes implicated in the control of mammalian puberty function as components of a molecular clock that determines the timing of sexual differentiation in the C. elegans nervous system.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Developmental evolution of the forebrain in cavefish, from natural variations in neuropeptides to behavior

    Alexandre Alié et al.
    A comparative approach shows that developmental evolution of neuropeptidergic neuronal groups in the hypothalamus of blind cavefish drives adaptive behavioral evolution.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Physically asymmetric division of the C. elegans zygote ensures invariably successful embryogenesis

    Radek Jankele et al.
    Systematic analysis of C. elegans zygotes manipulated to divide equally demonstrates that daughter cell size asymmetry is critical for proper cell cycle timing, positioning, and fates during subsequent embryogenesis.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Divergent mechanisms regulate conserved cardiopharyngeal development and gene expression in distantly related ascidians

    Alberto Stolfi et al.
    Embryos of distantly related sea squirt species are nearly identical but develop according to different gene regulatory mechanisms.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Fgf-signaling is compartmentalized within the mesenchyme and controls proliferation during salamander limb development

    Sruthi Purushothaman et al.
    While movement of Fgf-signaling to the limb mesenchyme accompanied a shift in function, the ultimate outcome remains a convergent tetrapod limb phenotype.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Constraint and divergence of global gene expression in the mammalian embryo

    Noah Spies et al.
    Embryonic gene expression is strongly influenced by maternal genetic variation and by embryonic variation that acts in cis but not in trans.

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