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    1. Cell Biology

    Elimination of paternal mitochondria in mouse embryos occurs through autophagic degradation dependent on PARKIN and MUL1

    Rebecca Rojansky et al.
    The uniparental inheritance of mammalian mitochondria results from elimination of paternal mitochondria by a mitophagic process that requires the E3 ubiquitin ligases PARKIN and MUL1.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A mitochondrial DNA hypomorph of cytochrome oxidase specifically impairs male fertility in Drosophila melanogaster

    Maulik R Patel et al.
    A 'male-harming' mtDNA mutation has been identified in Drosophila and impairs male fertility without impairing other male or female functions.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Mitochondrial genetic diversity, selection and recombination in a canine transmissible cancer

    Andrea Strakova et al.
    Genetics of a canine transmissible tumour show how the world’s oldest cancer “metastasised” through the global dog population – and captured, maintained and rearranged its mitochondrial DNA along the way.
    1. Ecology

    Acknowledging selection at sub-organismal levels resolves controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms

    Wenying Shou
    Building on previous work (Momeni et al., 2013), it is shown that recognizing the hierarchical organization of biological systems resolves the ongoing controversy on pro-cooperation mechanisms.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    Mitochondrial DNA copy number variation across human cancers

    Ed Reznik et al.
    Many tumors are depleted of mitochondrial DNA; this depletion is associated with changes in gene expression and with the incidence of critical somatic mutations and alterations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Selections that isolate recombinant mitochondrial genomes in animals

    Hansong Ma, Patrick H O'Farrell
    Recombinant mitochondrial genomes can be selected, traits can be genetically mapped and new genetic combinations can be made.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Stochastic modelling, Bayesian inference, and new in vivo measurements elucidate the debated mtDNA bottleneck mechanism

    Iain G Johnston et al.
    New modelling, statistics, and experiments show that cellular populations of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) evolve during development according to solvable stochastic dynamics involving binomial partitioning and random turnover, facilitating a predictive and quantitative theory of the mtDNA bottleneck.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Cancer Biology

    Origins and functional consequences of somatic mitochondrial DNA mutations in human cancer

    Young Seok Ju et al.
    Identifying 1,907 mitochondrial somatic mutations from 1,675 tumor tissues provides new insights into the causes and effects of the mitochondrial genome mutations found in human cancers.
    1. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Stochastic homeostasis in human airway epithelium is achieved by neutral competition of basal cell progenitors

    Vitor H Teixeira et al.
    Cell replenishment within the airways is governed by the random division of a population of basal progenitor cells, in a process that is accelerated in smokers.