159 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Corticothalamic gating of population auditory thalamocortical transmission in mouse

    Baher A Ibrahim et al.
    Sensory stimulation produces stochastic population responses in the cortex that are governed by layer 6 cortico-reticular projections that modulate thalamic synchrony.
    1. Neuroscience

    Somatostatin-expressing parafacial neurons are CO2/H+ sensitive and regulate baseline breathing

    Colin M Cleary et al.
    Cellular and chemogenetic approaches identify a novel mode of chemotransduction involving regulation of basal breathing by CO2/H+-dependent disinhibition.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Neuroscience

    Traumatic injury compromises nucleocytoplasmic transport and leads to TDP-43 pathology

    Eric N Anderson et al.
    Traumatic injury leads to functional defects in nucleocytoplasmic transport and TDP-43 pathology in multiple model systems.
    1. Neuroscience

    Local circuit allowing hypothalamic control of hippocampal area CA2 activity and consequences for CA1

    Vincent Robert et al.
    Input conveying social novelty information from the hypothalamus controls hippocampal activity by recruiting a novel inhibitory circuit in hippocampal area CA2.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Reduced purine biosynthesis in humans after their divergence from Neandertals

    Vita Stepanova et al.
    Purine biosynthesis is reduced in humans due to a single amino acid substitution in adenylosuccinate lyase that occurred subsequent to the divergence of modern humans from Neandertals.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Vascular-derived SPARC and SerpinE1 regulate interneuron tangential migration and accelerate functional maturation of human stem cell-derived interneurons

    Matthieu Genestine et al.
    Species-specific timing of interneuron migration across mice and humans is regulated by two vascular-derived factors, SPARC and SerpinE1.
    1. Neuroscience

    Male pheromones modulate synaptic transmission at the C. elegans neuromuscular junction in a sexually dimorphic manner

    Kang-Ying Qian et al.
    Male pheromone environment increases the cholinergic synaptic transmission at the neuromuscular junction in Caenorhabditis elegans hermaphrodites during development, decreasing hermaphrodites' locomotion activity and promoting mating efficiency.
    1. Neuroscience

    Enhanced insulin signalling ameliorates C9orf72 hexanucleotide repeat expansion toxicity in Drosophila

    Magda L Atilano et al.
    Modulation of insulin signalling could be an effective therapeutic approach against hexanucleotide repeat expansion related to c9ALS/FTD neurodegenerative diseases.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Intact synapse structure and function after combined knockout of PTPδ, PTPσ, and LAR

    Javier Emperador-Melero et al.
    Leukocyte common antigen-related receptor protein tyrosine phosphatases (LAR-RPTPs) are precisely localized to synaptic appositions, but do not control the assembly and function of the presynaptic nerve terminal.
    1. Developmental Biology

    EKLF/KLF1 expression defines a unique macrophage subset during mouse erythropoiesis

    Kaustav Mukherjee et al.
    Mouse fetal liver macrophages that support erythroid differentiation within erythroblastic islands exhibit a unique and transient expression signature under transcriptional control of EKLF/KLF1.

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