171 results found
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Clearance of beta-amyloid is facilitated by apolipoprotein E and circulating high-density lipoproteins in bioengineered human vessels

    Jerome Robert et al.
    Modelling beta-amyloid deposition in bioengineered human vessels represents a notable advance to further investigate the role of the vasculature in Alzheimer's disease.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Molecular basis for activation of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase by a compound that increases HDL cholesterol

    Kelly A Manthei et al.
    Structure of lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase with a covalent acyl-intermediate mimic and a small molecule activator reveals an active conformation and that the enzyme can be activated via its membrane binding domain.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine
    2. Neuroscience

    Tissue Engineering: Building a better blood-brain barrier

    Courtney Lane-Donovan, Joachim Herz
    A new three-dimensional model of the blood-brain barrier can be used to study processes that are involved in neurodegenerative diseases.
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    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Cell Biology: Opening up new fronts in the fight against cholesterol

    Russell A DeBose-Boyd, Jay D Horton
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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Transcriptional networks specifying homeostatic and inflammatory programs of gene expression in human aortic endothelial cells

    Nicholas T Hogan et al.
    An integrative genome-wide approach supports a direct and collaborative role of ETS and AP-1 transcription factors in maintaining endothelial cell-specific and anti-inflammatory gene expression programs.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    The angiopoietin-like protein ANGPTL4 catalyzes unfolding of the hydrolase domain in lipoprotein lipase and the endothelial membrane protein GPIHBP1 counteracts this unfolding

    Simon Mysling et al.
    Building on previous work (Mysling et al., 2016), it is shown that angiopoietin-like protein 4 (ANGPTL4) inhibits lipoprotein lipase activity by catalyzing the unfolding of its hydrolase domain.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    The Lamin B receptor is essential for cholesterol synthesis and perturbed by disease-causing mutations

    Pei-Ling Tsai et al.
    Lamin B receptor may provide a long-sought model system enabling unprecedented studies of protein quality control in the nuclear envelope of mammalian cells.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Expression of SREBP-1c Requires SREBP-2-mediated Generation of a Sterol Ligand for LXR in Livers of Mice

    Shunxing Rong et al.
    SREBP-2 directly regulates genes involved in cholesterol homeostasis and indirectly regulates fatty acid synthesis through the production of a ligand responsible for the activation of LXR and SREBP-1c.
    1. Neuroscience

    Apolipoprotein M-bound sphingosine-1-phosphate regulates blood–brain barrier paracellular permeability and transcytosis

    Mette Mathiesen Janiurek et al.
    Shortage of blood-borne apolipoprotein-M–bound sphingosine-1-phosphate, which accompanies various brain disorders, causes paracellular leak and increase in transcytosis at the blood–brain barrier, which can be reversed, thus is of clinical relevance.
    1. Human Biology and Medicine

    Endothelial heterogeneity across distinct vascular beds during homeostasis and inflammation

    Ankit Jambusaria et al.
    Vascular endothelial cells in the brain, heart and lung exhibit tissue-specific heterogeneity and plasticity, expressing genes that were traditionally thought to be only expressed by the surrounding parenchymal tissue cells.

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