3,625 results found
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Combined transient ablation and single-cell RNA-sequencing reveals the development of medullary thymic epithelial cells

    Kristen L Wells et al.
    Combination of experimental mouse models with single-cell RNA-sequencing creates a detailed map of medullary thymic epithelial cell development and identifies a transit-amplifying population as the immediate precursor to Aire-expressing mTECs.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Genetic predisposition to uterine leiomyoma is determined by loci for genitourinary development and genome stability

    Niko Välimäki et al.
    Genetic predisposition to uterine leiomyomas arises from variation at loci for genetic stability and genitourinary development, and in part explains the frequent occurrence of the condition in women with African origin.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Adaptive tuning of mutation rates allows fast response to lethal stress in Escherichia coli

    Toon Swings et al.
    Population mutation rates are highly flexible and evolvable under extreme stress conditions, matching changes in selective pressure to avoid extinction of the entire population.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Epidemiological and ecological determinants of Zika virus transmission in an urban setting

    José Lourenço et al.
    An ento-epidemiological model reveals that what made the Zika virus a public health problem in Feira de Santana, Brazil, was a surprisingly high attack rate coupled with a low risk of Microcephaly per challenged pregnancy.
    1. Ecology

    Bleaching causes loss of disease resistance within the threatened coral species Acropora cervicornis

    Erinn M Muller et al.
    Standing genetic variation for disease resistance may be continuously lost during recurring warm water episodes because of widespread susceptibility of disease-resistant genotypes to bleaching and the independence between these two traits.
    1. Ecology

    Relative demographic susceptibility does not explain the extinction chronology of Sahul’s megafauna

    Corey JA Bradshaw et al.
    There is no relationship between the demographic susceptibility to extinction and the estimated extinction chronology among Sahul’s megafauna, suggesting that human choices, a species’ ecological requirements, and/or random climate variation instead determined the extinction chronology.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Demographic reconstruction from ancient DNA supports rapid extinction of the great auk

    Jessica E Thomas et al.
    Reconstruction of great auk population dynamics suggests that hunting pressure alone could have been responsible for their extinction, demonstrating that even abundant, widespread species can be vulnerable to intense exploitation.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The intractable challenge of evaluating cattle vaccination as a control for bovine Tuberculosis

    Andrew James Kerr Conlan et al.
    Natural transmission experiments should be prioritised over risky and expensive field trials, in order to establish the impact of cattle vaccination on the transmission of bovine Tuberculosis.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Pyphe, a python toolbox for assessing microbial growth and cell viability in high-throughput colony screens

    Stephan Kamrad et al.
    An open-source python package for phenotype analyses provides a versatile, modular and user-friendly solution to determine complementary fitness-related traits from large-scale assays of microbial colonies.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Coverage and system efficiencies of insecticide-treated nets in Africa from 2000 to 2017

    Samir Bhatt et al.
    Insecticide-treated net requirements for Africa have been underestimated, but mitigating for inefficiencies in net distributions can produce a cost effective path to universal coverage.

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