187 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Convergent changes in muscle metabolism depend on duration of high-altitude ancestry across Andean waterfowl

    Neal J Dawson et al.
    Changes in pathways of lipid oxidation, glycolysis, and mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation are common strategies to cope with high-altitude hypoxia, but some changes require longer evolutionary time to arise.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Drought adaptation in Arabidopsis thaliana by extensive genetic loss-of-function

    J Grey Monroe et al.
    Gene knockouts provide valuable genetic fuel for climate adaptation in nature.
    1. Plant Biology

    Landscape genomic prediction for restoration of a Eucalyptus foundation species under climate change

    Megan Ann Supple et al.
    Empirical patterns of genomic and phenotypic variation across the landscape are used to develop a predictive model that will help build resilient ecological communities.
    1. Plant Biology

    Multiple alleles at a single locus control seed dormancy in Swedish Arabidopsis

    Envel Kerdaffrec et al.
    Natural variation for an adaptively important life history trait is largely due to variation at a single, major-effect locus with multiple alleles, demonstrating that not all complex traits are massively polygenic.
    1. Neuroscience

    Point of View: Predictive regulation and human design

    Peter Sterling
    Why does the human regulatory system, which evolution tuned for small satisfactions, now constantly demand 'more'?
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Intra-species differences in population size shape life history and genome evolution

    David Willemsen et al.
    Population genetics in turquoise killifish wild populations reveals how small population size and genetic drift determine the accumulation of deleterious gene variants leading to short lifespan.
    1. Ecology

    Regularities in species’ niches reveal the world’s climate regions

    Joaquín Calatayud et al.
    Similarities in climatic niches of terrestrial vertebrates indicate the Earth's climate regions, which differ among groups and from previous plant-based climate classifications.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Polygenic adaptation on height is overestimated due to uncorrected stratification in genome-wide association studies

    Mashaal Sohail et al.
    Polygenic selection signals in humans estimated from previously existing GWAS should be viewed with caution due to concerns about residual population stratification.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Adaptation in protein fitness landscapes is facilitated by indirect paths

    Nicholas C Wu et al.
    The extra dimensions in protein sequence space open up indirect paths of adaptation and alleviate the constraint on the selective accessibility to high fitness genotypes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Slow oscillation-spindle coupling predicts enhanced memory formation from childhood to adolescence

    Michael A Hahn et al.
    An individualized cross-frequency coupling approach identified slow oscillation-spindle coupling strength as a novel mechanism that mediates memory formation during cortical maturation.

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