283 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The hazards of smoking and the benefits of cessation: a critical summation of the epidemiological evidence in high-income countries

    Prabhat Jha
    Cumulatively, from 1950 to 2015, smoking-related disease has been the biggest cause of premature death in high-income countries, with elevated risks of smoking continuing well into the 21st century.
  1. Meta-Research: Evaluating the impact of open access policies on research institutions

    Chun-Kai (Karl) Huang et al.
    A longitudinal study of open access levels at 1,207 research institutions worldwide reveals high performing institutions in Latin America, Africa and Asia.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Population Genetics: Why structure matters

    Nick Barton et al.
    Great care is needed when interpreting claims about the genetic basis of human variation based on data from genome-wide association studies.
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    1. Neuroscience

    Obesity: The emerging neurobiology of calorie addiction

    Cristina García-Cáceres, Matthias H Tschöp
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    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Advancing biology through a deeper understanding of zebrafish ecology and evolution

    David M Parichy
    The zebrafish is a premier model organism for biomedical research, with a rich array of tools and genomic resources, and combining these with a fuller appreciation of wild zebrafish ecology could greatly extend its utility in biological research.
  2. Research: Sci-Hub provides access to nearly all scholarly literature

    Daniel S Himmelstein et al.
    The availability of almost all articles from toll access journals in the Sci-Hub repository will disrupt scholarly publishing towards more open models.
  3. Peer Review: Decisions, decisions

    Peter Rodgers
    Journals are exploring new approaches to peer review in order to reduce bias, increase transparency and respond to author preferences.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Tuberculous Meningitis: Can aspirin help?

    Ashwini Kalantri, Shriprakash Kalantri
    Using a combination of aspirin, anti-tuberculosis drugs and steroids may help to reduce the number of strokes and deaths in patients with tuberculous meningitis.
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    1. Medicine

    Meta-Research: A comprehensive review of randomized clinical trials in three medical journals reveals 396 medical reversals

    Diana Herrera-Perez et al.
    An analysis of more than 3000 randomized controlled trials published in JAMA, the Lancet and NEJM has identified 396 medical reversals.

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