295 results found
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    The hazards of smoking and the benefits of cessation: A critical summation of the epidemiological evidence in high-income countries

    Prabhat Jha
    Cumulatively, from 1950 to 2015, smoking-related disease has been the biggest cause of premature death in high-income countries, with elevated risks of smoking continuing well into the 21st century.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global divergence in critical income for adult and childhood survival: analyses of mortality using Michaelis–Menten

    Ryan J Hum et al.
    A mathematical model based on enzyme kinetics shows how the relationships between life expectancy, survival rates for children and adults, and national income change over time.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    External validation of postnatal gestational age estimation using newborn metabolic profiles in Matlab, Bangladesh

    Malia SQ Murphy et al.
    Gestational age estimation models derived from newborn screening bloodspot samples are effective on data obtained from both heel prick and cord blood samples in low-resource settings.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Point of View: Tuberculosis innovations mean little if they cannot save lives

    Madhukar Pai, Jennifer Furin
    Ending the TB epidemic requires scaling up access to new TB tools so that they can benefit the patients in low- and middle-income countries that need them the most.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Medicine

    Conjunction of factors triggering waves of seasonal influenza

    Ishanu Chattopadhyay et al.
    Three complementary computational approaches reveal a set of putative causes of initiation of pan-USA waves of influenza.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Epidemiological and ecological determinants of Zika virus transmission in an urban setting

    José Lourenço et al.
    An ento-epidemiological model reveals that what made the Zika virus a public health problem in Feira de Santana, Brazil, was a surprisingly high attack rate coupled with a low risk of Microcephaly per challenged pregnancy.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Nationally-representative serostudy of dengue in Bangladesh allows generalizable disease burden estimates

    Henrik Salje et al.
    To maximize broad insight on disease burden, seroprevalence studies should be generalizable to the wider population, both in age and location.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health

    A modular approach to integrating multiple data sources into real-time clinical prediction for pediatric diarrhea

    Ben J Brintz et al.
    Using a modular approach to integrate multiple data sources for the prediction of diarrhea etiology has the potential to reduce inappropriate antibiotics prescription in low-resource settings.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Transmission of West Nile and five other temperate mosquito-borne viruses peaks at temperatures between 23°C and 26°C

    Marta S Shocket et al.
    Mechanistic, trait-based models for transmission of West Nile virus and observed incidence of human West Nile disease cases in the US both show optimal transmission at 24-25°C.
    1. Medicine

    Meta-Research: A comprehensive review of randomized clinical trials in three medical journals reveals 396 medical reversals

    Diana Herrera-Perez et al.
    An analysis of more than 3000 randomized controlled trials published in JAMA, the Lancet and NEJM has identified 396 medical reversals.

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