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261 results found
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Tri-methylation of histone H3 lysine 4 facilitates gene expression in ageing cells

    Cristina Cruz et al.
    A widely studied chromatin modification associated with gene promoters is important for proper gene expression across organismal lifetime.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for PRC2 decoding of active histone methylation marks H3K36me2/3

    Ksenia Finogenova et al.
    Nucleosome binding by PRC2 threads H3K27 into its active site via an interaction network set in register by unmodified H3K36.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    A histone H3K9M mutation traps histone methyltransferase Clr4 to prevent heterochromatin spreading

    Chun-Min Shan et al.
    A lysine-to-methionine mutation in histone H3 dominantly blocks histone H3K9 methylation by trapping its methyltransferase.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Hemi-methylated DNA regulates DNA methylation inheritance through allosteric activation of H3 ubiquitylation by UHRF1

    Joseph S Harrison et al.
    Epigenetic modifications to DNA can regulate E3 ubiquitin ligase activity in human cells.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Independent manipulation of histone H3 modifications in individual nucleosomes reveals the contributions of sister histones to transcription

    Zhen Zhou et al.
    A yeast genetic model for studying the function of sister histones in chromatin dynamics.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone H3G34R mutation causes replication stress, homologous recombination defects and genomic instability in S. pombe

    Rajesh K Yadav et al.
    Mutation of Glycine 34 to Arginine within the N-terminal tail of histone H3 alters post-translational modifications on Lysine 36 and is associated with a delay in replication restart, defective homologous recombination and an increase in genomic instability.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis for COMPASS recognition of an H2B-ubiquitinated nucleosome

    Evan J Worden et al.
    The structure of the COMPASS methyltransferase bound to an H2B-ubiquitinated nucleosome provides insights into mechanisms of trans-histone cross-talk and the dynamic role of H2B ubiquitination in stimulating histone methylation.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Lysine-14 acetylation of histone H3 in chromatin confers resistance to the deacetylase and demethylase activities of an epigenetic silencing complex

    Mingxuan Wu et al.
    Biochemical approaches reveal that an epigenetic histone deacetylase complex called CoREST is slow to deacetylate histone H3 lysine-14 in nucleosomes, and this inhibits demethylation of histone H3 lysine-4 by the CoREST complex.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Histone Methylation: Navigating the structure of COMPASS

    Karolin Luger, Jonathan W Markert
    Cryo-electron microscopy reveals how ubiquitination promotes the methylation of histone H3 by the histone-modifying complex COMPASS.
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    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Telomere repeats induce domains of H3K27 methylation in Neurospora

    Kirsty Jamieson et al.
    Vast regions of facultative heterochromatin marked by methylation of lysine 27 on histone H3 depend on their proximity to chromosome ends and can be induced ectopically by insertion of telomere repeats.

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