2,792 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Circular RNA repertoires are associated with evolutionarily young transposable elements

    Franziska Gruhl et al.
    Evolutionary analyses suggest that most mammalian circRNAs did not emerge from common ancestral circRNA precursors, arguing against widespread functional conservation.
    1. Neuroscience

    An open-source, high-performance tool for automated sleep staging

    Raphael Vallat, Matthew P Walker
    A robust automatic sleep-staging algorithm offers a high level of accuracy matching that of typical human interscorer agreement.
    1. Neuroscience

    The generation of cortical novelty responses through inhibitory plasticity

    Auguste Schulz et al.
    Inhibitory synaptic plasticity provides a flexible and biologically plausible circuit mechanism to detect the novelty of bottom-up stimuli and to generate stimulus-specific adaptation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Utility of polygenic embryo screening for disease depends on the selection strategy

    Todd Lencz et al.
    Preimplantation screening of embryos using polygenic risk scores may substantially reduce risk for a given complex disease, but this effect depends on several quantifiable factors and raises significant ethical issues.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Optimal plasticity for memory maintenance during ongoing synaptic change

    Dhruva V Raman, Timothy O'Leary
    Simple mathematical reasoning shows that the large amount of synaptic turnover seen in many parts of the brain is in fact optimal for memory retention.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    SARS-CoV-2 shedding dynamics across the respiratory tract, sex, and disease severity for adult and pediatric COVID-19

    Paul Z Chen et al.
    COVID-19 severity, rather than sex or age, predicts SARS-CoV-2 kinetics, and SARS-CoV-2 viral load from lower respiratory tract specimens may predict severe disease days before clinical deterioration for COVID-19 patients.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    mRNA vaccination in people over 80 years of age induces strong humoral immune responses against SARS-CoV-2 with cross neutralization of P.1 Brazilian variant

    Helen Parry et al.
    The BNT162b2 mRNA COVID-19 vaccine is highly effective at generating immune responses in people over the age of 80 years and provides good cross neutralization of the P.1 gamma variant of concern.
    1. Ecology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Social-like responses are inducible in asocial Mexican cavefish despite the exhibition of strong repetitive behavior

    Motoko Iwashita, Masato Yoshizawa
    A new tracking method revealed the social-like interactions in the Mexican blind cavefish, which was thought to be evolutionarily lost, and also demonstrated its mammal-like antagonistic association between the social-like interaction and repetitive behavior.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    MACF1 controls skeletal muscle function through the microtubule-dependent localization of extra-synaptic myonuclei and mitochondria biogenesis

    Alireza Ghasemizadeh et al.
    Maintenance of peripheral myonuclei patterning in skeletal myofibers is dependent on the regulation of microtubules dynamic and nuclei motion and is essential for proper neuromuscular junction integrity and mitochondria homeostasis.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Fine-tuned repression of Drp1-driven mitochondrial fission primes a ‘stem/progenitor-like state’ to support neoplastic transformation

    Brian Spurlock et al.
    A mitochondria-based 'priming' of stemness happens by fine-tuned repression of the level or activity of the master regulator of mitochondrial fission, Drp1, which supports carcinogen-induced transformation in a keratinocyte model.

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