3,082 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    Human complex exploration strategies are enriched by noradrenaline-modulated heuristics

    Magda Dubois et al.
    Humans supplement complex, resource-demanding strategies with simple heuristics for solving the exploration-exploitation dilemma, and noradrenaline functioning controls their utilisation.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Rapid adaptation to malaria facilitated by admixture in the human population of Cabo Verde

    Iman Hamid et al.
    Admixture-mediated adaptation to malaria in a human population demonstrates that detectible signatures in genomic patterns of ancestry can be leveraged to better characterize recent selection in populations with mixed ancestry.
    1. Plant Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Atomic structures of respiratory complex III2, complex IV, and supercomplex III2-IV from vascular plants

    Maria Maldonado et al.
    The structures of plant CIII2, CIV, and SC III2+IV challenge long-standing assumptions, generate new mechanistic hypotheses and allow for the generation of more selective agricultural inhibitors.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Phenotypic and molecular evolution across 10,000 generations in laboratory budding yeast populations

    Milo S Johnson et al.
    Experimentally evolved yeast populations increase in fitness predictably but do not divide into coexisting lineages or dramatically increase their mutation rates after 10,000 generations.
    1. Neuroscience

    Microsecond interaural time difference discrimination restored by cochlear implants after neonatal deafness

    Nicole Rosskothen-Kuhl et al.
    Early deaf human CI users are often insensitive to sub-millisecond interaural time differences (ITDs); however, with synchronized CIs, early deafened rats learned to lateralize small ITDs near 50 µs.
    1. Cancer Biology

    Re-expression of SMARCA4/BRG1 in small cell carcinoma of ovary, hypercalcemic type (SCCOHT) promotes an epithelial-like gene signature through an AP-1-dependent mechanism

    Krystal Ann Orlando et al.
    BRG1 loss drives initiation and progression in human cancers through changes in specific differentiation programs in an AP-1-dependent manner.
    1. Neuroscience

    Amplitude modulations of cortical sensory responses in pulsatile evidence accumulation

    Sue Ann Koay et al.
    From as early as primary visual cortex and across posterior cortical areas, neural responses to visual pulses during an evidence-accumulation task exhibit a multitude of task-related amplitude modulations/gain changes.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells are regulated by shared enhancers and KLF transcription factors

    Shiri Kult et al.
    The molecular identity of bi-fated tendon-to-bone attachment cells, which display a mixture of transcriptomes of two neighboring cell types, enables the formation of the unique transitional tissue of the enthesis.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Evolutionary conflicts and adverse effects of antiviral factors

    Daniel Sauter, Frank Kirchhoff
    Innate antiviral factors do not always perfectly distinguish between self and foreign, and potential adverse effects of antiviral defense mechanisms for the host have been discussed.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Longitudinal high-throughput TCR repertoire profiling reveals the dynamics of T-cell memory formation after mild COVID-19 infection

    Anastasia A Minervina et al.
    Longitudinal tracking of individual T-cell clones reveals the expansion of pre-existing T-cell memory in response to SARS-CoV-2 infection.

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