45 results found
    1. Neuroscience

    The hominoid-specific gene TBC1D3 promotes generation of basal neural progenitors and induces cortical folding in mice

    Xiang-Chun Ju et al.
    Introducing a hominoid-specific gene into mice induces cortical folding.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Co-option of an endogenous retrovirus envelope for host defense in hominid ancestors

    Daniel Blanco-Melo et al.
    The reconstitution of a functional envelope protein from an extinct hominid retrovirus reveals its receptor and an ancient host defense that may have led to the extinction of the virus.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    Soluble PD-L1 generated by endogenous retroelement exaptation is a receptor antagonist

    Kevin W Ng et al.
    An ancient integration of an endogenous retroelement in the gene encoding PD-L1 is exapted to generate a soluble form that antagonises the suppressive function of the membrane-bound form.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Evolution and cell-type specificity of human-specific genes preferentially expressed in progenitors of fetal neocortex

    Marta Florio et al.
    Transcriptomic and genomic analysis provides a resource of 50 primate-specific genes preferentially expressed in neural progenitors of fetal human neocortex, 15 of which are specific to humans.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Immunology and Inflammation

    An evolutionary recent IFN/IL-6/CEBP axis is linked to monocyte expansion and tuberculosis severity in humans

    Murilo Delgobo et al.
    Mycobacterium tuberculosis exploits an IFN/IL6/CEBP axis linked to monocyte expansion in humans.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Homo naledi and Pleistocene hominin evolution in subequatorial Africa

    Lee R Berger et al.
    A late Middle Pleistocene age for Homo naledi demonstrates a diversity of hominin species in Africa at this critical time in the archaeological record.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Structural basis of malodour precursor transport in the human axilla

    Gurdeep S Minhas et al.
    Discovery of the structural basis for recognition and uptake of a human precursor for body odour production reveals an important role for bacterial peptide transport and novel routes to prevent its production in humans.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Integrating taxonomic, functional, and strain-level profiling of diverse microbial communities with bioBakery 3

    Francesco Beghini et al.
    The bioBakery 3 platform enables improved, integrated, and strain-level analysis of microbial communities from large-scale meta-omic data.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    A new family of cell surface located purine transporters in Microsporidia and related fungal endoparasites

    Peter Major et al.
    Transporters shared by fungal intracellular parasites provide new insights into the evolution of nucleotide and energy parasitism.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    Baboon illustration

    The Natural History of Model Organisms: Insights into the evolution of social systems and species from baboon studies

    Julia Fischer et al.
    Wild baboons are an excellent model to study complex evolutionary processes such as speciation and hybridization, as well as the links between sociality, longevity and reproductive success.

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