1,672 results found
    1. Physics of Living Systems

    Live imaging and biophysical modeling support a button-based mechanism of somatic homolog pairing in Drosophila

    Myron Barber Child VI et al.
    Biophysical modeling and quantitative live-cell imaging converge to show that the century-old puzzle of somatic homolog pairing in Drosophila operates via a button model.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Homology sensing via non-linear amplification of sequence-dependent pausing by RecQ helicase

    Yeonee Seol et al.
    The rate of DNA unwinding by RecQ helicases is dramatically modulated by the DNA duplex stability in a geometry-dependent manner, providing an intrinsic mechanism for suppressing illegitimate recombination.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    The dynamic three-dimensional organization of the diploid yeast genome

    Seungsoo Kim et al.
    Yeast homologous chromosomes exhibit condition-specific mitotic pairing at both global and local scales.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    A combination of transcription factors mediates inducible interchromosomal contacts

    Seungsoo Kim et al.
    A pooled mutational scanning approach for 3D chromosome conformation reveals how multiple transcription factors can jointly specify condition-specific genome conformations.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Polo-like kinase-dependent phosphorylation of the synaptonemal complex protein SYP-4 regulates double-strand break formation through a negative feedback loop.

    Saravanapriah Nadarajan et al.
    PLK-1/2-mediated SYP-4 phosphorylation is dependent on crossover precursor formation, triggering a switch in the dynamic state of the synaptonemal complex that reduces the formation of further double-strand breaks at late meiotic prophase.
    1. Neuroscience

    Homeostatic plasticity fails at the intersection of autism-gene mutations and a novel class of common genetic modifiers

    Özgür Genç et al.
    Forward genetic screens define a novel genetic landscape by which diverse, unrelated autism risk genes may converge to commonly affect the robustness of synaptic transmission.
    1. Neuroscience
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Dynamic change of electrostatic field in TMEM16F permeation pathway shifts its ion selectivity

    Wenlei Ye et al.
    TMEM16F shifts its ion selectivity in response to change of intracellular Ca2+, membrane potential and ionic strength.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Programmed genome editing of the omega-1 ribonuclease of the blood fluke, Schistosoma mansoni

    Wannaporn Ittiprasert et al.
    Gene knock-out of the omega-1 ribonuclease of Schistosoma mansoni eggs resulted in immunologically impaired phenotype, showcasing the novel application of CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing and utility for functional genomics in schistosomes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Evolutionary Biology

    Non-classical amine recognition evolved in a large clade of olfactory receptors

    Qian Li et al.
    Fish trace amine-associated receptors evolved a novel structural motif that enables the detection of chemically diverse amine odors in a non-canonical 'inverted' orientation.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics
    2. Cell Biology

    9Å structure of the COPI coat reveals that the Arf1 GTPase occupies two contrasting molecular environments

    Svetlana O Dodonova et al.
    A molecular model of the assembled COPI coat, determined by cryo-electron tomography of an in vitro reconstituted budding reaction, reveals details of interactions mediating coat assembly and shows the binding site of ArfGAP2.

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