2,638 results found
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Computational and Systems Biology

    Microtubule reorganization during female meiosis in C. elegans

    Ina Lantzsch et al.
    Structural rearrangements of meiotic spindles during the transition from metaphase to anaphase can be controlled by local changes of microtubule dynamics, such as nucleation and/or turnover, and that katanin promotes microtubule turnover by severing microtubules near the chromosomes.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Plant Biology

    Organ geometry channels reproductive cell fate in the Arabidopsis ovule primordium

    Elvira Hernandez-Lagana et al.
    In the Arabidopsis ovule primordium, germinal fate plasticity is coupled to the morphogenetic processes shaping the organ.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    A putative structural mechanism underlying the antithetic effect of homologous RND1 and RhoD GTPases in mammalian plexin regulation

    Yanyan Liu et al.
    Small Rho GTPases confer up- and downregulation in mammalian plexin signaling by differential interactions with cell membrane.
    1. Genetics and Genomics

    Start codon disruption with CRISPR/Cas9 prevents murine Fuchs’ endothelial corneal dystrophy

    Hironori Uehara et al.
    Adenoviral CRISPR/Cas9 gene knockdown of mutant Col8a2 achieves structural and functional rescue of murine Fuchs’ endothelial corneal dystrophy, the first demonstration of post-mitotic CRISPR-based knockdown for phenotypic restoration.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Calcium signaling through a transient receptor channel is important for Toxoplasma gondii growth

    Karla Marie Márquez-Nogueras et al.
    A transient receptor channel in Toxoplasma gondii that conducts calcium represents the first molecular element that initiates upstream calcium signals that activate parasite pathogenic pathways.
    1. Neuroscience

    Cortical signatures of precision grip force control in children, adolescents, and adults

    Mikkel Malling Beck et al.
    Precise motor control is supported by connectivity within a cortical grasping network from childhood to adulthood, but older individuals display more top-down control and superior motor performance compared to children.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    High-fidelity, efficient, and reversible labeling of endogenous proteins using CRISPR-based designer exon insertion

    Haining Zhong et al.
    A high-fidelity and efficient strategy to use CRISPR/Cas9 to reversibly insert large DNA fragments into somatic cells to label or modify endogenous proteins for research and, in the future, for gene therapy.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Plexin-B2 controls the timing of differentiation and the motility of cerebellar granule neurons

    Eljo Van Battum et al.
    3D imaging and time-lapse video-microscopy show that the PlexinB2 receptor controls the tempo of granule cell differentiation and sets the pace of their migration in mouse cerebellum.
    1. Cell Biology

    Conformational specificity of opioid receptors is determined by subcellular location irrespective of agonist

    Stephanie E Crilly et al.
    A GPCR activated by the same agonist engages different conformational biosensors at different subcellular locations, suggesting that location-based conformations drive spatial encoding of signaling.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Kv1.1 channels regulate early postnatal neurogenesis in mouse hippocampus via the TrkB signaling pathway

    Shu-Min Chou et al.
    Kv1.1 potassium channels regulate postnatal neurogenesis in the hippocampus via increasing the membrane excitability that activates the TrkB signaling pathway in a cell-autonomous manner.

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