3,153 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    The visual pigment xenopsin is widespread in protostome eyes and impacts the view on eye evolution

    Clemens Christoph Döring et al.
    The employment of xenopsin in ciliary and mixed microvillar/ciliary eye sensory cells in several protostome animals suggests high evolutionary plasticity of photoreceptors.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Neuroscience

    Establishment and maintenance of motor neuron identity via temporal modularity in terminal selector function

    Yinan Li et al.
    The terminal selector-type transcription factor UNC-3/Ebf partially modifies the suite of its target genes at different life stages to establish and maintain the identity of C. elegans motor neurons.
    1. Developmental Biology
    2. Stem Cells and Regenerative Medicine

    Pattern regulation in a regenerating jellyfish

    Chiara Sinigaglia et al.
    Clytia jellyfish regenerate body shape and organs through a mechanically driven process that coordinates tissue remodeling, localized proliferation, and precursor migration and promotes Wnt signaling at a muscle-based landmark.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Genome expansion in early eukaryotes drove the transition from lateral gene transfer to meiotic sex

    Marco Colnaghi et al.
    Lateral gene transfer is unable to resist mutation accumulation in large genomes, leading to selective pressure for the origin of meiotic sex in the first eukaryotes.
    1. Computational and Systems Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    Modelling the emergence of whisker barrels

    Sebastian S James et al.
    Whisker barrels provide clues about neocortical development, as computer modelling shows that barrels can self-organize, based on competition between adjacent thalamocortical axons, suggesting that genetic instruction plays a secondary role.
    1. Developmental Biology

    Endothelial TGF-β signaling instructs smooth muscle cell development in the cardiac outflow tract

    Giulia LM Boezio et al.
    Alk5/TGF-β signaling is required in the endothelium to orchestrate zebrafish cardiac outflow tract morphogenesis, regulating smooth muscle cell and extracellular matrix organization.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Developmental Biology

    TMEM79/MATTRIN defines a pathway for Frizzled regulation and is required for Xenopus embryogenesis

    Maorong Chen et al.
    TMEM79 targets frizzled receptor for degradation through inhibiting USP8 and is required for Xenopus embryogenesis.
    1. Cancer Biology
    2. Chromosomes and Gene Expression

    Histone deposition pathways determine the chromatin landscapes of H3.1 and H3.3 K27M oncohistones

    Jay F Sarthy et al.
    Deposition of mutant oncohistones by alternative nucleosome assembly pathways results in dramatic local differences in histone methylation in pediatric diffuse midline gliomas.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Natural variation in autumn expression is the major adaptive determinant distinguishing Arabidopsis FLC haplotypes

    Jo Hepworth et al.
    Variation in autumnal expression from starting expression levels and initial cold-down-regulation, rather than epigenetic silencing, is the major field variable conferred by worldwide haplotypes of the floral repressor gene, FLC.

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