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    1. Plant Biology

    The genetic architecture of host response reveals the importance of arbuscular mycorrhizae to maize cultivation

    M Rosario Ramírez-Flores et al.
    Heritable variation in the benefit maize plants receive from arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi supports the feasibility of breeding crops to optimize use of this ancient symbiosis.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Repression of viral gene expression and replication by the unfolded protein response effector XBP1u

    Florian Hinte et al.
    A herpesvirus harnesses the unfolded protein response to regulate its own life cycle, revealing an unexpected role of XBP1u as a potent repressor of the most important viral promoter.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Global analysis of gene expression reveals mRNA superinduction is required for the inducible immune response to a bacterial pathogen

    Kevin C Barry et al.
    Infected cells superinduce expression of mRNA in order to initiate an immune response to a bacterial pathogen that blocks host protein synthesis.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Mapping immune variation and var gene switching in naive hosts infected with Plasmodium falciparum

    Kathryn Milne et al.
    Parasite variants associated with severe malaria do not have an intrinsic growth or survival advantage in vivo, which indicates that a change in host environment is required for their selection.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Gut microbiota density influences host physiology and is shaped by host and microbial factors

    Eduardo J Contijoch et al.
    The density of the gut microbiota influences the host immune system and adiposity, and can be therapeutically manipulated.
    1. Ecology
    2. Epidemiology and Global Health

    Accelerated viral dynamics in bat cell lines, with implications for zoonotic emergence

    Cara E Brook et al.
    Bats' uniquely robust innate antiviral immune defenses select for faster transmitting viruses likely to generate extreme virulence upon spillover to secondary hosts with immune systems divergent from those of bat.
    1. Ecology

    Rarity is a more reliable indicator of land-use impacts on soil invertebrate communities than other diversity metrics

    Andrew Dopheide et al.
    Rarity metrics reveal pervasive negative impacts of agricultural land use on soil invertebrate communities, whereas widely-used richness and diversity metrics underestimate the magnitude of these impacts.
    1. Ecology

    Transcriptome analysis illuminates the nature of the intracellular interaction in a vertebrate-algal symbiosis

    John A Burns et al.
    The endosymbiosis between an alga and the spotted salamander shows several parallels to invertebrate-algal symbioses as well as to pathogen associations in vertebrate animals.
    1. Neuroscience

    A circuit motif in the zebrafish hindbrain for a two alternative behavioral choice to turn left or right

    Minoru Koyama et al.
    Competition between neurons on the left and right sides of the brain drives the decision to turn left versus right in zebrafish, and potentially all vertebrates.
    1. Cell Biology
    2. Cancer Biology

    SPOP mutation leads to genomic instability in prostate cancer

    Gunther Boysen et al.
    SPOP mutations underlie a novel, genomically unstable subclass of prostate cancer by altering DNA repair.