3,963 results found
    1. Developmental Biology

    MicroRNA-934 is a novel primate-specific small non-coding RNA with neurogenic function during early development

    Kanella Prodromidou et al.
    Primate-specific miR-934 mediates neurogenesis and downstream neuronal differentiation processes, modulating the expression of genes associated with the subplate, a region most prominent in primates, emerging during early cortical development.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Synergy and remarkable specificity of antimicrobial peptides in vivo using a systematic knockout approach

    Mark Austin Hanson et al.
    While antimicrobial cocktails are highly effective for defence against pathogenic microbes, the innate immune response may instead employ highly specific peptidic antibiotics to combat certain natural enemies.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation

    Tissue-specific shaping of the TCR repertoire and antigen specificity of iNKT cells

    Rebeca Jimeno et al.
    The tissue environment shapes the lipid recognition capacity of natural killer T cells.
    1. Neuroscience

    Characterizing a psychiatric symptom dimension related to deficits in goal-directed control

    Claire M Gillan et al.
    A dimensional approach to psychiatry demonstrates the specificity and generalizability of a neurocognitive marker of compulsive behavior and intrusive thought via large-scale online testing.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    HA stabilization promotes replication and transmission of swine H1N1 gamma influenza viruses in ferrets

    Meng Hu et al.
    Infection experiments in ferrets reveal swine influenza viruses need their hemagglutinin antigen to become stabilized for transmissibility, adding a new property to consider when triaging field isolates for pandemic potential.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    SETD3 protein is the actin-specific histidine N-methyltransferase

    Sebastian Kwiatkowski et al.
    Histone-lysine N-methyltransferase SETD3 (NP_115609.2) was identified as the actin-specific histidine N-methyltransferase, an enzyme catalyzing the extremely well-conserved methylation of H73 in β-actin.
    1. Neuroscience

    Lamina-specific cortical dynamics in human visual and sensorimotor cortices

    James J Bonaiuto et al.
    Cortical oscillations in human MEG are lamina-specific, with low-frequency activity predominating in deep, and high-frequency activity in more superficial layers of sensory and motor cortices.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    BRCT domains of the DNA damage checkpoint proteins TOPBP1/Rad4 display distinct specificities for phosphopeptide ligands

    Matthew Day et al.
    Structural and biochemical analyses of BRCT domain interactions defines TOPBP1/Rad4 selectivity for phosphorylated motifs, allowing identification of new interactions, and providing insights into assembly of different TOPBP1-scaffolded DNA repair complexes.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology

    Evolution of (p)ppGpp-HPRT regulation through diversification of an allosteric oligomeric interaction

    Brent W Anderson et al.
    The signaling ligand (p)ppGpp regulates the enzyme HPRT across species by binding to a novel class of conserved motif, yet its specificity is allosterically altered through evolution of enzyme oligomerization.
    1. Neuroscience

    A toolbox of IgG subclass-switched recombinant monoclonal antibodies for enhanced multiplex immunolabeling of brain

    Nicolas P Andrews et al.
    This paper describes an effective pipeline for conversion of conventional monoclonal antibodies into recombinant form that results in an IgG subclass switch that greatly expands their utility for multiplex labeling.

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