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    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Medicine

    SMA-miRs (miR-181a-5p, -324-5p, and -451a) are overexpressed in spinal muscular atrophy skeletal muscle and serum samples

    Emanuela Abiusi et al.
    The identification of SMA-miR supports the pathogenic role of skeletal muscle in spinal muscular atrophy and, integrated in the SMA-score, may help to improve the phenotypic prediction for patients.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Defective lytic transglycosylase disrupts cell morphogenesis by hindering cell wall de-O-acetylation in Neisseria meningitidis

    Allison Hillary Williams et al.
    Lytic transglycosylase enhances the activity of its protein partner, and its catalytic domain can be targeted to disrupt cell-wall integrity, protein partner function, and bacterial survival (Neisseria meningitidis) in hosts.
    1. Epidemiology and Global Health
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Alternative splicing of coq-2 controls the levels of rhodoquinone in animals

    June H Tan et al.
    The switch from ubiquinone to rhodoquinone synthesis that is required for parasitic helminths to survive in anaerobic host tissues is due to alternative splicing of polyprenyltransferase COQ-2.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Long-term balancing selection drives evolution of immunity genes in Capsella

    Daniel Koenig et al.
    Retention of genetic diversity at immune-related loci drives the pattern of genetic variation in selfing Capsella.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Kasugamycin potentiates rifampicin and limits emergence of resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis by specifically decreasing mycobacterial mistranslation

    Swarnava Chaudhuri et al.
    Kasugamycin potentiates rifampicin killing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis by targeting adaptive mistranslation.
    1. Chromosomes and Gene Expression
    2. Plant Biology

    Widespread premature transcription termination of Arabidopsis thaliana NLR genes by the spen protein FPA

    Matthew T Parker et al.
    The expression of Arabidopsis NLR immune response genes is modulated by premature transcription termination, and this has implications for understanding NLR regulation and evolutionary dynamics.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Emergence and diversification of a highly invasive chestnut pathogen lineage across southeastern Europe

    Lea Stauber et al.
    The chestnut blight fungus has successfully established an intermediary, diverse European bridgehead population, giving rise to a highly invasive clonal lineage spreading across southeastern Europe.
    1. Evolutionary Biology

    Host-pathogen coevolution increases genetic variation in susceptibility to infection

    Elizabeth ML Duxbury et al.
    A history of coevolution increases genetic variation in the susceptibility of Drosophila to viruses, largely by introducing major-effect resistance polymorphisms into populations.
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Immune genes are hotspots of shared positive selection across birds and mammals

    Allison J Shultz, Timothy B Sackton
    Pathogens, particularly viruses, target the same genes over deep evolutionary time, resulting in shared signatures of positive selection and transcriptional responses at the same genes.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Respiratory syncytial virus co-opts host mitochondrial function to favour infectious virus production

    MengJie Hu et al.
    RSV's unique ability to co-opt host cell mitochondria to facilitate viral infection reveals the RSV-mitochondrial interface as a viable target for therapeutic intervention.