806 results found
    1. Evolutionary Biology
    2. Genetics and Genomics

    Long-term balancing selection drives evolution of immunity genes in Capsella

    Daniel Koenig et al.
    Retention of genetic diversity at immune-related loci drives the pattern of genetic variation in selfing Capsella.
    1. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Cellular entry and uncoating of naked and quasi-enveloped human hepatoviruses

    Efraín E Rivera-Serrano et al.
    Quasi-enveloped hepatitis A virions undergo clathrin-mediated endocytosis, followed by ALIX-dependent trafficking to lysosomes where the quasi-envelope is degraded, triggering uncoating of the RNA genome in association with lysosomal membrane rupture.
    1. Structural Biology and Molecular Biophysics

    Architectural principles for Hfq/Crc-mediated regulation of gene expression

    Xue Yuan Pei et al.
    Structural insights show how RNA chaperones cooperate to recognise defined target transcripts and suppress gene expression.
    1. Cell Biology

    Quantitative regulation of the dynamic steady state of actin networks

    Angelika Manhart et al.
    Cells are able to control the actin network length and steering by adjusting geometric, structural, or biochemical parameters such as ADF/Cofilin and actin concentrations, and network width.
    1. Cell Biology

    Inadequate BiP availability defines endoplasmic reticulum stress

    Milena Vitale et al.
    The extent of (proteotoxic) endoplasmic reticulum stress, and the ensuing unfolded protein response activation, are commensurate with the extent of the chaperone BiP being sequestered by its client proteins.
    1. Immunology and Inflammation
    2. Microbiology and Infectious Disease

    Connexin-43-dependent ATP release mediates macrophage activation during sepsis

    Michel Dosch et al.
    Autocrine activation of macrophages is modulated by Connexin-43-mediated ATP release in response to TLR-4 and -2 agonists in a P2Y1-dependent manner, ultimately determining sepsis survival.
    1. Plant Biology

    Multiple pairs of allelic MLA immune receptor-powdery mildew AVRA effectors argue for a direct recognition mechanism

    Isabel ML Saur et al.
    Allelic MLA immune receptors have an exceptional propensity to directly detect sequence-unrelated pathogen effectors and this feature might have facilitated functional diversification of the receptor in the host population.
    1. Plant Biology

    Arabidopsis RCD1 coordinates chloroplast and mitochondrial functions through interaction with ANAC transcription factors

    Alexey Shapiguzov et al.
    Signalling and metabolic interactions of the plant energy organelles, chloroplasts and mitochondria, depend on the nuclear regulatory protein RCD1.
    1. Biochemistry and Chemical Biology
    2. Cell Biology

    Regulating G protein-coupled receptors by topological inversion

    Bray Denard et al.
    Multiple biochemical assays show that the topology of CCR5 and possibly other GPCRs may be inverted by ceramide or other sphingolipids through the process of regulated alternative translocation.
    1. Genetics and Genomics
    2. Human Biology and Medicine

    Genetic and environmental perturbations lead to regulatory decoherence

    Amanda Lea et al.
    Infection and metabolic syndrome lead to a loss of molecular regulation, and changes in molecular correlations are under genetic control as revealed by the presence of correlation quantitative trait loci.

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